文章摘要
余南平,严佳杰.国际和国家安全视角下的美国“星链”计划及其影响[J].国际安全研究,2021,(5):67-91
国际和国家安全视角下的美国“星链”计划及其影响
The US Starlink Program and Its Implications: From the Perspective of International and National Security
  修订日期:2021-04-11
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2021.05.003
中文关键词: 国际安全;国家安全;星链计划;5G;美国军民融合;产业价值链
英文关键词: international security, national security, Starlink program, 5G, US civil-military integration, industrial value chain
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作者单位
余南平 华东师范大学国际关系与地区发展研究院 上海 200062 
严佳杰 华东师范大学国际关系与地区发展研究院 上海 200062 
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中文摘要:
      星链计划是美国太空探索计划公司(SpaceX)提出的一项太空高速互联网通信计划,初衷是在地球的近地轨道建设卫星互联系统,进而为全球提供高速的互联网服务。然而,在星链计划的发展过程中,不断闪现着美国政府与军方的身影。星链计划发展也对应着美国太空安全战略转型的新模式,其目的在于实现由美国技术主导的、全覆盖的新一代“全球卫星互联网通信系统”。从技术和市场竞争层面上看,星链计划的实施对现存的5G通信技术和未来的天基互联网系统将产生重大的冲击和影响。从深层次的国际和国家安全角度看,星链计划背后依托的是美国高度成熟的军民融合体系和太空安全战略转型,将从国防、产业价值链、信息主权与监管、轨道与频谱资源使用、太空空间利用和天文探索等方面,对国际安全及其他国家的安全构成“复合型、交叉型”新挑战。
英文摘要:
      Starlink is a space high-speed, low-latency Internet communications program initiated by the American company SpaceX. Its original intention is to build an interconnection system of low Earth orbit satellites so as to provide high-speed Internet services for the populations across the globe. However, the US government and military are constantly present in the development process of the Starlink program, which corresponds to the new mode of transformation of the US space security strategy that aims to realize a new generation of “global satellite Internet communications system” featured by full coverage and US technology domination. From the perspective of technology and market competition, the implementation of Starlink will exert a significant impact on the existing 5G communications technology and the future space-based Internet system. And viewed from a more in-depth perspective of international and national security, the Starlink program that relies on the United States’ highly mature civil-military integration system and space security transformation strategy will constitute a “composite and cross-cutting” new challenge to international security and security of other countries in such areas as national defense, industrial value chain, information sovereignty and regulation, use of orbit and spectrum resources, space exploitation and astronomical exploration.
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