文章摘要
贾庆国.对国家安全特点与治理原则的思考[J].国际安全研究,2022,(1):4-25
对国家安全特点与治理原则的思考
Reflections on Characteristics of National Security and Its Governance Principles
  修订日期:2021-12-08
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2022.01.001
中文关键词: 总体国家安全观  国家安全  安全治理  治理路径  安全特征  安全原则
英文关键词: a holistic approach to national security, national security, security governance, governance paths, security characteristics, security principles
基金项目:
作者单位
贾庆国 北京大学国际关系学院 北京 100871 
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中文摘要:
      近年来,世界各国越来越重视国家安全问题,并把它放在国家治理中越来越重要的位置,中国也不例外。然而,不少人对国家安全的理解还存在较大偏差,主要表现在要么笼统抽象地谈论国家安全,要么只是关注国家安全的某一个方面,对国家安全涉及问题的系统性讨论不多,即使那些为数不多的讨论也不够全面和深入。有效进行国家安全治理,需要全面、系统和深入地厘清“国家安全”概念的内涵和外延,以及国家安全与其他价值之间的关系,并在此基础上探讨国家安全治理的原则和路径。国家安全是一个内涵极为丰富的概念,具有多面性、关联性、变动性、相对性、非唯一性、主观性和社会性等特征,深入研究和把握国家安全要有总体安全思维,从总体安全的角度全面审视我们面临的挑战,借鉴中外历史经验和教训,并在此基础上加以认真应对。因此,国家安全治理的路径选择至少应遵循总体、全面、兼顾、适度、平衡、顺势与合作等原则。
英文摘要:
      In recent years, countries around the world have been placing greater importance on the issue of national security, increasingly recognizing its pivotal role in state governance, to which China is no exception. However, an incomprehensive understanding of national security still exists among people, which is mainly manifested in either talking about national security in general and abstract terms or just focusing on certain aspects of national security. Few discussions address the topic of national security in a systematic way and even such discussions are not as comprehensive and penetrating as expected. Effective national security governance requires comprehensive and systematic efforts to clarify the connotation and extension of the concept of national security as well as relations between national security and other important issues. Hence, principles and paths of national security governance can be explored in an efficient way. National security is an extremely rich concept with multifaceted and changing connotations. Its key factors are closely interrelated, featuring not only relativity and non-uniqueness but also subjectivity and sociality. To study in depth and grasp the essence of national security calls for a holistic thinking on security and a comprehensive look at the challenges facing us from the perspective of overall security, drawing on historical experiences and lessons learned both at home and abroad, and seriously dealing with these challenges. Therefore, choosing the right paths of national security governance should adhere to the principles of comprehensiveness and balance, paying special attention to following the trend and carrying out cooperation in relevant areas.
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