文章摘要
魏玲,杨嘉宜.规则、关系与地区安全治理[J].国际安全研究,2022,(1):26-48
规则、关系与地区安全治理
Rules, Relations and Regional Security Governance: A Case Study of Collaborative Governance of Public Health in the Greater Mekong Subregion
  修订日期:2021-12-04
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2022.01.002
中文关键词: 规则  关系  地区安全治理  大湄公河次区域  公共卫生  联防联控
英文关键词: rules, relations, regional security governance, the Greater Mekong Sub-region, public health, joint prevention and control
基金项目:
作者单位
魏玲 对外经济贸易大学国际关系学院 北京 100029 
杨嘉宜 外交学院 北京100037 
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中文摘要:
      在地区安全治理研究中,规则或国际规则是主导话语和主导研究范式。然而,规则本身并不能自动构建治理实践和产生预期的治理效果。文章通过借鉴世界政治关系理论的最新研究成果,尝试建立“规则—关系”治理模型。其基本假设是,国际规则需经由地方关系过程激活和运化,才更有可能产生协作机制和务实政策,从而实现有效的地区安全治理。具象的地方关系过程由地区安全利益攸关方的互动关系构成,是各方参与协商的过程,同时也是给国际规则和治理实践赋能的过程。整体和抽象的地方关系过程就是治理实践本身,是所有治理要素联动应对安全威胁的过程,并以大湄公河次区域跨境传染病联防联控协作治理为案例对模型进行了验证。实践证明,关系过程活力越大,越能够激活和运化规则,就越有可能形成有效的地区安全治理,这项研究有望推动和深化地区安全治理的学理思考,并为公共卫生治理研究作出累积性知识贡献。
英文摘要:
      When it comes to studies on regional security governance, rules, in particular international rules function as a dominant discourse or paradigm. However, rules per se do not promote governance practice or generate desired governance effects automatically. Taking advantage of the latest development in the relational theory of world politics, this paper attempts to establish an integrated “rule-relation” model of regional governance. The basic assumption is that international rules have to be activated and operationalized via the process of regional relations for the establishment of collaborative mechanisms and pragmatic policies, which contributes to the achievement of effective regional security governance. A localistic and concrete relational process is formed in an ongoing interaction among various stakeholders of regional security, which features participation and consultation of all parties concerned as well as empowerment for international rules and regional governance practices. A holistic and abstract relational process in a region epitomizes governance practice itself, where all interconnected governance-related elements work together to deal with security threats. Hence, the more dynamic the regional relational process is, the better can it activate and operationalize international rules, and the more likely is the desired outcome of regional security governance to be achieved. In this paper, the cross-border governance for preventing and controlling infectious diseases is used to serve as a case study in verifying the “rule-relation” model. It is expected that this paper can facilitate theoretical thinking about the deepening of regional security governance in the academia and make contributions to the research on public health governance.
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