文章摘要
袁莎.总体国家安全观视阈下的虚假信息研究[J].国际安全研究,2022,(3):32-56
总体国家安全观视阈下的虚假信息研究
A Study on Disinformation from the Perspective of a Holistic Approach to National Security
投稿时间:2021-11-02  修订日期:2022-01-19
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2022.03.002
中文关键词: 总体国家安全观  虚假信息  复合型国家安全威胁  虚假信息疫情  虚假信息治理
英文关键词: holistic approach to national security, disinformation, compound national security threats, disinfodemic, disinformation governance
基金项目:
作者单位
袁莎 中国国际问题研究院美国研究所 北京 100005 
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中文摘要:
      虚假信息作为信息操控的重要手段,在国际关系中存在已久。随着信息全球化的深入发展,跨境虚假信息日益泛滥。国际关系学界对于虚假信息的研究尚处于初步阶段,系统性和理论性不足,且充斥西方中心主义思维,甚至成为西方操纵的舆论武器。实际上,虚假信息作为新兴的复合型国家安全威胁,呈现出传统安全与非传统安全交织的特征,是困扰国际社会的一种新生现象。虚假信息对中国国家安全也构成严峻挑战,危害人民安全、政治安全和国家利益。新冠肺炎疫情下的“虚假信息疫情”将这一危害暴露无遗。虚假信息的泛滥有个人心理和社会需求层面的原因,也受信息技术及政治经济利益驱动的影响。当前,虚假信息政治化倾向严重,对国家安全乃至国际安全的挑战日趋复杂严峻。因此,我们必须以贯彻落实总体国家安全观为目标,强化虚假信息治理,有效防范化解虚假信息安全风险。
英文摘要:
      Disinformation is an age-old means of manipulating information in the international arena. With the ever-deepening process of information globalization, the proliferation of cross-border disinformation has become a grave concern. However,current studies on disinformation are still at a preliminary stage of development in the field of international relations, lacking systematic approaches and theoretical depth. Being dominated by the Western-centrist way of thinking, they are even regarded as a weapon of persuasion that could be used to manipulate public opinion. In fact, as an emerging compound national security threat, disinformation takes on characteristics of both traditional security threats and nontraditional security threats, which is acknowledged as a new phenomenon plaguing the international community. Disinformation has also posed a serious challenge to China’s overall national security, jeopardizing people’s security, political security and national interests. The raging “disinfodemic” amid the Covid-19 pandemic has fully exposed such dangers. The proliferation of disinformation can be attributed to both individual psychology and social needs. It is equally subject to the information technological development as well as political and economic interests. At present, disinformation shows a strong tendency of politicization and thus poses ever more grave and complex challenges to national security and international security as a whole. In line with a holistic approach to national security, it is imperative for China to strengthen disinformation governance and effectively prevent and resolve the national security risks caused by disinformation.
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