文章摘要
邢瑞磊,周灏堃.身份认同与社会性存在:中国国家本体安全的寻求与调适[J].国际安全研究,2022,(4):32-64
身份认同与社会性存在:中国国家本体安全的寻求与调适
Identity and Social Existence: The Quest for China’s Ontological Security and Its Adaptation
  修订日期:2022-01-23
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2022.04.002
中文关键词: 国家本体安全  国家身份  集体情绪/情感  自传式叙事  自我—他者信任关系
英文关键词: national ontological security, state identity, collective emotion/affect, autobiographical narrative, “self-other” trust relationship
基金项目:
作者单位
邢瑞磊 武汉大学政治与公共管理学院 武汉 430072 
周灏堃 武汉大学政治与公共管理学院 武汉 430072 
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中文摘要:
      21世纪以来,在全球化进程和反全球化运动的博弈中,国家安全和国际安全面临着多重身份认同、跨国沟通网络和群体情绪/情感等问题带来的新型挑战。多样的身份认同危机会导致国家处于本体不安全状态,出于维系“社会性存在”的目的,国家会启动情绪/情感性自我保护机制,呈现以“焦虑感”为特征的“非理性行为”,可能带来国家间的安全对抗和冲突。获取国家本体安全取决于国家自传式叙事的连续性与“自我—他者”信任关系协调机制两条路径的均衡发展。在百年大变局下,“何为中国”的自传式叙事正由“内向型”的国家主体性向“外向型”的国际能动性身份转变。新时代中国国家身份转型和国家本体安全的获得,一方面,取决于在中国共产党统一领导下,成功建构国内社会和国际社会共同认可的新型负责任大国叙事体系;另一方面,有赖于重塑和调适中国与西方大国和国际社会的“竞合型”与“和合型”两类信任关系,其调适结果不仅是实现“自我—他者”良性互动的前提,也是决定中国国家安全和国际安全生态的关键。
英文摘要:
      Since the beginning of the 21st century, national and international security have faced new types of challenges arising from issues such as multiple identities, transnational communication networks, and collective emotion/affect in the confrontation between globalization and anti-globalization. This paper intends to clarify the theoretical significance of identities and collective emotion/affect in domestic and international security studies and distill the generative logic and analytical framework for national ontological security. In the era of globalization, multiple identity crises might lead to ontological insecurity. To maintain “social existence”, states may activate emotional/affective self-protection mechanisms and behave irrationally out of deep anxiety. This kind of “irrational behavior” may give rise to interstate conflict and confrontation. The search for national ontological security depends on the balanced development of two pathways, namely the continuity of states’ autobiographical narratives and the coordination mechanism of the “self-other” trust relationship. After discussions about the historical process of China’s quest for national ontological security, this paper argues that the autobiographical narrative of “What is China?” is shifting from an “inward-looking” national subjectivity to an “outward-looking” “international agency” in a period that witnesses dramatic changes unseen in a century. The transformation of China’s national identity and the obtainment of national ontological security in the new era depend, on the one hand, on the successful construction of a domestically and internationally acknowledged new narrative system featuring China as a responsible major country, and on the other hand, on the reconstruction of the “coopetitive” and “peace-cooperative” trust relationship between China and the international community, particularly the Western major countries. The result of this adaptation is not only a prerequisite for positive “self-other” interactions but also a key determinant of China’s national security and international security.
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