文章摘要
徐能武,龙坤,孟鑫.国际安全视角下太空军控的缘起、演进和发展动向[J].国际安全研究,2022,(5):107-129
国际安全视角下太空军控的缘起、演进和发展动向
Space Arms Control from the Perspective of International Security:Origin, Evolution and Trend
  修订日期:2021-12-30
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2022.05.005
中文关键词: 太空武器化  太空军备竞赛  太空军控  历史规律  发展动向
英文关键词: weaponization of space, arms race in space, space arms control, historical practices, development trends
基金项目:
作者单位
徐能武 国防科技大学军政基础教育学院 长沙 410073 
龙坤 国防科技大学军政基础教育学院 长沙 410073 
孟鑫 国防科技大学军政基础教育学院 长沙 410073 
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中文摘要:
      推进太空军备控制关乎各国航天事业发展和人类命运共同体的构建。1957年苏联太空力量的出现,使美国产生了“导弹差距”的恐慌,双方很快就展开了太空军备竞赛。在核恐怖对峙中,美苏双方逐渐认识到,实现太空军备控制符合双方战略利益和国际社会期盼,因此到20世纪60年代后期形成了太空军控第一阶段的系列成果。1991年苏联解体后,太空领域出现了权力严重失衡的局面,太空军控由20世纪70—80年代的弱纳什均衡状态转瞬陷入徘徊、倒退。冷战前后的第二阶段因美国的阻挠和退约,太空军控成果乏善可陈。2011年以来,太空军控进入第三阶段,呈现出大国激烈角力、阵营泾渭分明、议题交叉融合等特点和态势。面对太空军事化的严峻现实,世界各国需要在总结太空军控历史实践经验教训的基础上,遵循其内在机理和规律,积极探索和参与制定推进太空军控的有效应对策略和议题方案。
英文摘要:
      Promoting space arms control is vital to the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind, as well as the development of the space industry of all countries. The emergence of Soviet space power in 1957 raised the specter of a “missile gap” on the part of the United States, and the two sides soon jumped into a space arms race. During the nuclear confrontation, it dawned on the United States and the Soviet Union that achieving space arms control was in line with not only their own strategic interests, but also the expectations of the international community. Therefore, in the late 1960s, a series of achievements in the first phase of space arms control were made. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, a serious imbalance of power emerged in the space field, and space arms control suffered a regression from the weak Nash equilibrium in the 1970s and 1980s. In the second phase around the end of the Cold War, the space arms control progress was relatively slow due to the obstruction and withdrawal of the United States. Since 2011, space arms control has entered the third phase of development featuring fierce competition among major powers, clear-cut camps and cross-fertilization of issues. Faced with the grim reality of space militarization, all countries around the world need to actively explore and participate in the formulation of effective proposals and strategies to promote space arms control on the basis of summarizing the lessons learned from historical events and following the intrinsic mechanisms and laws of space arms control.
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