文章摘要
[美]赵全胜.战略团队在美国外交政策转型中的推手作用[J].国际安全研究,2013,(4):27-43
战略团队在美国外交政策转型中的推手作用
The Role of“Strategic Core Force” in the Shift of American Foreign Policy
投稿时间:2013-04-20  修订日期:2013-05-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 战略团队;三驾马车;美国外交转型;美日同盟;中美日三边关系
英文关键词: strategic core force, “Troika”, shift of U.S. foreign policy, U.S.-Japan Alliance, China-US-Japan Triangular Relations
基金项目:
作者单位
[美]赵全胜 美国美利坚大学American University国际关系学院,美国华盛顿 
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中文摘要:
      冷战结束后,美国“外交战略制定与实施团队”(简称“战略团队”)在其亚太政策转型中发挥了重要的推手作用,这个战略团队所推动的政策转型对中美日三边关系以及亚太地区安全局势产生了重大的影响。作者通过案例研究梳理了美国如何在20世纪90年代中期提出和实施《日美防卫合作新指针》从而实现其外交安全格局“华丽转身”的政策制定过程。美国外交政策体系中的战略团队对这次转型起到了关键性的作用,其核心力量就是当时的美国亚太政策“三驾马车”——约瑟夫?奈、傅高义和库尔特?坎贝尔。这一战略团队在美国外交转型时所发挥的重大作用包括:它成功地阻止了日本漂离美国的趋势;加强了美国和日本之间的双边战略关系;重新确立了美国在亚太地区的领导地位。这次战略转型既为奥巴马政府提出的“重返亚洲”提供了一个很好的铺垫,也为中美日三边关系增加了良性互动的可能性。美国战略团队举足轻重的推手作用是值得所有关注美国外交政策和亚太国际关系的学者专家和相关人士高度重视的。
英文摘要:
      This paper analyzes the presence of “strategic core force” in the U.S. foreign policy-making system since the end of the Cold War and the significant role it has played in the transformation of foreign policies towards the Asia-Pacific region. During this critical strategic shift, the most notable phenomenon was the role played by the so-called “Troika”, which consisted of three prestigious professors of Harvard University. The “strategic core force” succeeded in stopping Japan from drifting away from the United States, strengthening the US-Japan strategic relationship, and reemphasizing the United States’ leadership in the region. This paper also analyzes the triangular relationship among China, the United States, and Japan, and the situation in the Asia-Pacific region. It stresses the significant role of the “strategic core force” in international relations and foreign policy making. Such policy shift builds up a solid foundation for Obama’s “pivot to Asia” strategy. Therefore, the critical role played by this “strategic core force” should be studied by relevant scholars and policy makers who are concerned about U.S. foreign policy and international relations in the Asia-Pacific region.
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