文章摘要
徐 进.在韬晦与有为之间:中国在保障国际安全中的作用[J].国际安全研究,2013,(4):83-102
在韬晦与有为之间:中国在保障国际安全中的作用
China’s Role in International Security: Between Keeping a Low Profile and Playing a Certain Role
投稿时间:2013-01-20  修订日期:2013-05-20
DOI:
中文关键词: 重要性;紧迫性;韬光养晦;国际安全
英文关键词: seriousness, urgency, keep low profile, security problems
基金项目:
作者单位
徐 进 中国社会科学院世界经济与政治研究所,北京 100732 
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中文摘要:
      2008年爆发的国际金融危机并未重创中国经济,反而加快了中国的崛起速度。一方面,中国正在迅速拉开与诸强之间的实力差距;另一方面,中国正在有效缩小与世界唯一超级大国——美国之间的实力差距。中国的持续快速崛起使中国面临一个更加错综复杂的国际和周边安全环境,各类安全问题不断发生,安全压力不断增加。中国对各类国际安全问题采取何种态度与政策,主要取决这些问题本身的性质。如果用重要性与紧迫性两个变量来对中国的安全问题进行分类,那么中国的安全问题就可以被分为高重要性和高紧迫性、高重要性和低紧迫性、低重要性和高紧迫性、低重要性和低紧迫性等四个类别。未来中国外交需要在韬晦和有为之间寻求新的平衡点,在国际安全事务中发挥与自身实力地位相称的作用。中国应逐步调整对外政策原则,并提出有利于国际稳定的政策主张,包括在安全事务上突出“有所作为”;以“责权力相一致”为国际安全制度改革的总体原则,以提高效率为改革方向;提倡内外合作缓解动荡。中国共产党第十八次全国代表大会的召开以及新一届中共中央领导集体的诞生,意味着中国外交调整的“机会之窗”已经打开。中国外交应当与时俱进,在国际安全领域贡献更多的“公共品”,发挥更大的作用。
英文摘要:
      The international financial crisis in 2008 did not inflict heavy losses to Chinese economy, but made China rise rapidly. However, China has faced a more complex international environment than before, with emerging security problems and increasing security pressures. The attitude and policy adopted by China subject to the nature of the security problems. According to seriousness and urgency, they can be divided into four categories: high seriousness+high urgency, high seriousness+low urgency, low seriousness+high urgency, and low seriousness+low urgency. China should seek a new equilibrium between keeping a low profile and playing a certain role, and play a proper role in reforming international institutions that is consistent with its global status. China should adjust its foreign principles and propose reforms of international institutions to achieve a stable international order. After the 18th national conference of CCP and the new leadership of the party, the window of opportunity is open for China to adjust its foreign policy. China’s diplomacy should keep up with the times, adjust those policies and principles unmatched with China’s power status and international environment, and provide more “public goods” in the field of international security.
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