文章摘要
李形,奥斯卡.G.奥古斯丁.相互依存式霸权:“第二世界”和金砖国家的崛起透析[J].国际安全研究,2014,(1):101-117
相互依存式霸权:“第二世界”和金砖国家的崛起透析
Constructing and Conceptualizing “Interdependent Hegemony” in an Era of the Rise of the “Second World” and BRICS
投稿时间:2013-11-02  修订日期:2013-11-09
DOI:
中文关键词: 相互依存式霸权;第二世界;金砖国家;葛兰西;霸权理论;新霸权形式
英文关键词: interdependent hegemony, the Second World, BRICS, Gramsci, hegemony theories, emerging form of hegemony
基金项目:
作者单位
李形 丹麦奥尔堡大学Aalborg University发展与国际关系研究中心DIR 
奥斯卡.G.奥古斯丁 丹麦奥尔堡大学文化与全球研究系 
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中文摘要:
      在全球化背景下,以金砖五国等新兴国家为代表的“第二世界”崛起对全球产生广泛影响,并由此带来了国际关系与国际政治经济的变迁。葛兰西的核心理论框架——“霸权”概念以及以考克斯为代表的新葛兰西主义学派对探究新兴国家崛起的问题是有启发作用的,但是全球化与跨国资本主义的深化对新葛兰西主义学派提出了挑战。在整合新葛兰西霸权理论和后霸权批判理论,并将“第二世界”和“相互依存”加入分析框架之后,理论界提出一种新观点,即新兴国家作为一种新型反霸权的国际政治经济力量,在全球资本主义时代,尚不能建立起替代性的独立霸权,而“相互依存式霸权”将主导当今这个时代。“相互依存式霸权”定义为根植于金砖国家的崛起所带来的基于地区合作所形成的联盟型关系,这一联盟型关系的形成主要为了牵制并超越由单一国家或单一权力中心(西方)所产生的霸权。届时在国家利益、地区走向、共同政治议程、政治联盟以及潜在危机管控等方面,“第一世界”(西方国家)和“第二世界”(新兴国家)将相互影响、相互制约,共同重塑国际安全与国际政治经济秩序。
英文摘要:
      The paper aims to provide a framework of understanding the global impact of the rise of the Second World (emerging powers, such as BRICS) brought about by globalization and the transformation of international relations and international political economy. It takes the point of departure from one of Gramsci’s key conceptual categories and analytical apparatus, e.g. hegemony, to explore to which extent the upsurge of the emerging powers has reshaped the terrain and parameters of social, economic and political relations both at national and global levels, and has exerted pressure on the exiting international order in terms of both opportunities and constraints. It examines the dialectical nexus between the role of the emerging powers as a counter-hegemonic, socio-economic and socio-political force and as a new alternative hegemonic order. Based on an analytical approach which combines neo-Gramscian hegemony theories with the critical post-hegemony theories, it concludes that in an era of global capitalism it is impossible for the emerging powers to establish an alternative independent hegemony; rather, the world will witness a new era of “interdependent hegemony”, with both the First World and the Second World intertwined in a constant process of shaping and reshaping the international order in the nexus of national interest, regional orientation, common political agenda, political alliance and potential conflicts.
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