文章摘要
余丽,王高阳.春秋战国时期粮食安全思想的传承与当代战略选择[J].国际安全研究,2014,(3):3-24
春秋战国时期粮食安全思想的传承与当代战略选择
Inheritance of Food Security Thought in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period and Our strategic Choices
投稿时间:2013-12-28  修订日期:2014-02-28
DOI:
中文关键词: 春秋战国时期;粮食安全;粮食外交;当代价值
英文关键词: the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, food security, food diplomacy, contemporary value
基金项目:
作者单位
余丽 郑州大学公共管理学院政治系郑州大学国际政治研究所,河南 郑州 450001 
王高阳 复旦大学国际关系与公共事务学院,上海 上海 200433 
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中文摘要:
      粮食是人类生存和发展的基本物质条件,是关系国家安全、政治稳定与社会和谐的重要战略性资源。粮食安全化与政治化是国际政治研究的热点问题之一。鉴于此,重新发现中国春秋战国时期已形成的粮食安全思想,从粮食对国家安全、国家权力以及国家道义层次考察彼时粮食安全思想,具有重要的现实意义。“不生粟之国亡”,粮食安全是国家安全的基础;“富国以粟”,粮食是国家富强的保证;粮食关乎人心向背和国家道义。齐桓公为建立霸业实施了粮食外交与粮食战略,开创了现代粮食战争的先河。“不生粟之国亡”是中国春秋战国时期粮食安全思想的核心和根本,也是对中国古代粮食安全思想再发现的落脚点。基于此,当代中国粮食安全战略应立足于坚持独立自主原则,保障国内粮食生产,积极开展粮食外交,实行粮食“走出去”战略,在全球化背景下确保实现国家粮食安全。这不仅是保障国家安全的重中之重,也是中华民族实现“中国梦”最重要的物质基石。
英文摘要:
      Food is not only the most important material foundation of human survival and development, but also an important strategic resource for national security, political stability and social harmony. The securitization and politicization of food is one of the hot issues of international politics. This paper investigates the food security thought in the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period from the perspective of national security, national power and national morality. “Bu Sheng Su Zhi Guo Wang” means food security is the foundation of national security; “Fu Guo Yi Su” means that food is the guarantee of a rich and powerful country; food is also related to the trend of popular sentiment and national morality. This paper reviews the practice of Duke Huan of Qi who had established and implemented food diplomacy and food strategy, which can be viewed as the source of the modern food war. “Bu Sheng Su Zhi Guo Wang ” is the core and fundamental of food security thought in these two periods, and is also the goal of the reconsideration of the food safety thought in ancient China. Finally, for food security strategy planning of contemporary China, we should adhere to the principle of independence and actively carry out food diplomacy and food “going out” strategy to ensure and realize national food security in the era of globalization, which is not only the priority of national security but also the most important material foundation to realize the “China dream”.
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