文章摘要
韩雪晴.全球公域战略与北约安全新理念[J].国际安全研究,2014,(4):53-79
全球公域战略与北约安全新理念
The Global Commons and NATO’s New Security Concept
投稿时间:2014-04-30  修订日期:2014-06-01
DOI:
中文关键词: 北约;全球公域;综合安全;相对安全;合作安全
英文关键词: NATO, global commons strategy, cooperative security, relative security, comprehensive security
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作者单位
韩雪晴  
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中文摘要:
      “全球公域”系指主权国家管辖之外的人类共有资源、区域与领域。全球公域战略是北约为顺应国际安全形势变化所推出的重要举措,也是其为促进自身转型所采取的关键步骤。在全球公域战略新语境下,北约在继承后冷战时期以“进攻性防御”、“全球性防御”和“预防性防御”为逻辑主线的理念前提下,进一步扬弃创新,继而形成以“综合安全”、“相对安全”与“合作安全”为思想内核的安全新理念。在新战略、新理念的指导下,北约充分动员一切可用的军事和民用资源,审慎而有选择地将有限的力量部署在国际海洋、国际空域、外太空与网络空间等不为任何主权国家所有而全人类安全与繁荣所系之域,以保障其成员国的安全利益与战略优势。面对北约“合作加防范”双轨制全球公域战略,中国宜积极回应、力促合作,同时树立防范意识、加快自身能力建设,在维护国家利益的同时与北约携手为全球公域安全治理贡献力量。
英文摘要:
      The “global commons” refers to the resources, areas or domains that fall outside national jurisdictions and are yet accessible for all nations. Among its important moves that comply with the changes of international security, NATO’s strategy in global commons serves as one strategic step towards its further development and transformation. NATO reformed its post-Cold War security concept of “offensive defense”, “global defense” and “preventive defense” and replaced it with a new notion characterized by three central ideas, namely, that of “cooperative security”, “relative security” and “comprehensive security” and, in a bid to maximize the interests and dominance of its allies in the new context, selectively deployed its limited military and civilian resources in high seas, airspace, outer space and cyberspace and other areas “that are in the control of no nations and yet indispensable to every nation”. The strategic influence of this most powerful and best-organized transnational political and security organization and its new security concept should by no means be underestimated. With much similarity and commensurability to NATO, and, of course, also some differences and conflicts, China should take a more responsive stance to NATO’s strategy of “engagement and containment” in global commons, so as to safeguard its own national interests and, at the same time, strengthen China-NATO coordination in the governance of global commons.
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