文章摘要
李 滨,陈 光.经济全球化、人的安全 与治理  [J].国际安全研究,2014,(4):142-154
经济全球化、人的安全 与治理  
Economic Globalization, Human Security, and Governance
投稿时间:2013-11-30  修订日期:2014-04-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 人的安全;经济全球化;国家治理;全球治理
英文关键词: economic globalization, human security, national governance, global governance
基金项目:
作者单位
李 滨  
陈 光  
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中文摘要:
      人的安全是人的发展之重要条件,它包括经济安全、食品安全、健康安全、环境安全、人身安全、社区安全和政治安全等七个方面的内容。目前的经济全球化加剧了人的不安全性,具体表现在全球性生产、人口迁徙、生产的新模式、传统领土安全与人的安全之间的资源竞争、相互依赖与领土主权原则之间的冲突,对人的安全带来了负面影响。在经济全球化条件下,各国难以单独有效地应对人的安全的难题,在人的安全治理上不仅需要国家的治理结构,还需要一个以人的发展为原则的全球治理结构。面对人的安全,全球治理结构应该具有以下特征:以合作姿态来帮助相关国家解决人的安全问题,而不是作为超国家主体干预发展中国家;它是一种经济、社会的全面治理结构,而不是一种单纯的安全结构;治理的原则应该是以人为本。但是,目前由于全球治理中的“民主赤字”使得在全球范围内的治理效果不彰。要改善人的安全的治理结构必须首先在世界范围内减少“民主赤字”。
英文摘要:
      Human security, an important condition for human development, is made up of seven aspects: economic security, food security, environment security, health security, community security, political security, personal security. In the era of economic globalization, human insecurity was intensified by global production, mixed living of population, new pattern of production, resource competition between traditional territorial security and human security, and conflict between interdependence and territorial principle. Furthermore, it’s increasingly more difficult for a country to independently achieve human security, which demands both structural national governance and structural global governance based on the principle of human development. The global structure governing human security should be an institution built on the cooperation among states, instead of a supranational agency that intervenes the internal affairs of developing countries. It should take a comprehensive perspective towards political, economic and societal issues instead of focusing merely on traditional security. Finally, it should be humanoriented, that is, to serve the security need of people. However, the democratic deficit in the existing global structure of governance has left human security governance ineffective in today’s world. Therefore, the primary task of improving human security governance is to reduce the democratic deficit at the global level
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