文章摘要
张宇权.干涉主义视角下的美国南海政策逻辑及中国的应对策略[J].国际安全研究,2014,(5):81-102
干涉主义视角下的美国南海政策逻辑及中国的应对策略
The Logic behind the U.S. Policy over the South China Sea Dispute and China’s Countermeasures: A Interventionist View
投稿时间:2013-11-18  修订日期:2014-06-12
DOI:
中文关键词: 南海争端;美国利益;干涉主义;中国南海主权
英文关键词: South China Sea dispute, America’s interests, interventionism, the South China Sea sovereignty
基金项目:
作者单位
张宇权 中山大学亚太研究院副教授(广州 邮编:510275)。 
摘要点击次数: 961
全文下载次数: 573
中文摘要:
      准确地分析美国的南海政策逻辑对于中国解决南海主权争端具有重要的意义。美国对南海争端的介入是由于其在南海地区的经济利益、安全利益、政治利益和文化传统所决定的。随着国际局势的发展,美国在南海争端上的干涉主义立场也从“多边协商体制”走向了“积极干涉主义”的道路。美国学者对美国在南海利益的界定,美国未来在政治、经济、军事等各个方面将会增强其在南海争端上的影响力,具体来说,美国将运用国际法否定中国对于南海的领土诉求,利用经济实力干涉南海争端,加强在南海的军事存在,将与中国海军实力的差距保持在一个相对安全的范围内,构建多边安全机制,提倡运用国际多边机制解决南海问题,力求将南海问题多边化和国际化,这些都是中国政府和中国学者重点关注的问题。南海争端是非常复杂的,解决南海争端也是非常困难的。中国政府在解决南海争端时需要占据道德和舆论制高点,建设强大的海上力量,同时注重为发展中国经济服务,建立制度和法律保障机制,处理好美国在南海地区的利益关切,中国和平发展的战略目标是有可能实现的。
英文摘要:
      The U.S Policy towards South China Sea is significant to China’s settlement of the sovereignty disputes in the area. In essence, the US intervention in the South China Sea disputes is triggered by its concern of its economic interests, security interests, political interests and cultural traditions. As international situation developed, the United States has changed its stance from “multilateral maritime regimes” to “positive interventionism”. Based on an analysis of American scholars’ views of the U.S. interests and the framework of American interventionism, this paper outlines the possible measures that the United States will possibly take: 1) use international laws to deny China’s territorial demands on South China Sea; 2) take advantage of its economic competiveness to intervene in the South China Sea disputes; 3) enhance its military presence in the South China Sea and keep its navy advantages over China; 4) seek multilateralization and internationalization of disputes by building a multilateral security mechanism on the South China Sea. Therefore, countermeasures should be taken on the side of China to 1) build a good country image and obtain support from international society, 2) build a strong navy force, 3) adapt its goals in settling the dispute to its economic development, 4) establish a legal protection system, and 5) deal properly with US’ concern over its interests in South China Sea.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭