文章摘要
刘跃进.文化安全的三种思维方式与政策导向[J].国际安全研究,2015,(3):3-21
文化安全的三种思维方式与政策导向
Journal of International Security Studies3AbstractsThree Modes of Thinking and Policy Orientation of Cultural Security
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 文化安全;思维方式;政策导向;民族文化;先进文化;文化权力
英文关键词: cultural security; mode of thinking; policy orientation; national culture; advanced culture; cultural power
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作者单位
刘跃进 国际关系学院公共管理系 北京邮编:100091 
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中文摘要:
      现今从理论上思考和从实际上处理国家文化安全问题时,始终有三大关系纠缠在一起:一是本族文化与异族文化的关系;二是先进文化与落后文化的关系;三是集中反映了前两种关系的文化民族性与文化先进性的关系。与此相应,在处理国家文化安全问题时也有三种不同思维方式,一是把“本族”与“异族”对立起来的思维方式,即“我-你”对立的思维方式;二是把“先进”与“落后”绝对化的思维方式,即“好-坏”二元化的思维方式;三是“民族性”与“先进性”综合考虑的思维方式,即“我-好”综合的思维方式。保持文化的民族特色和追随文化的时代进步,始终是一种需要很好处理却又难以很好处理的重大关系。只有在把文化从整体上区分为“没有先进落后之别的文化”和“具有先进落后之别的文化”两大类的基础上,才能处理好文化安全中的民族性与先进性关系问题。对“没有先进落后之别的文化”,大力保持特色文化或文化的民族性,是维护和保障国家文化安全的本质要求;对“具有先进落后之别的文化”,大力追随先进文化或文化的先进性,是维护和保障国家文化安全的关键。在文化安全实践中需要公民个体提高文化自觉和文化安全意识,但更重要的是政府必须有科学、正确和恰当的文化安全政策和文化安全导向。
英文摘要:
      Three types of relations are entangled nowadays in dealing with issues concerning national cultural security on both the theoretical and practical levels: 1) the relation between one’s own culture and that of other ethnic groups, 2) the relation between advanced and underdeveloped parts of a culture; and 3) the relation between one’s ethnic culture and so called foreign advanced culture as related to the previous two. Accordingly, three modes of thinking are likely adopted in handling issues concerning national cultural security: to antagonize one’s own culture with that of other ethnic groups, that is, taking the “me or you” attitude; to absolutize the “advanced” and the “underdeveloped”, that is, believing things to be good if not bad, or vice versa; and to identify things ethnic exclusively as advanced, that is, taking the “only me good” stance. It is a very demanding job to maintain national culture and at the same time, to pursue cultural development. The relation between ethnicity and advancedness can only be properly handled on a basis of a good understanding of “there is no advanced and underdeveloped discrimination between cultures” and clear demarcation of “which parts of a culture is advanced and which not”. In terms of the discrimination of cultures, it is essential to maintain the ethnicity of one culture before one’s national cultural security can be safeguarded. In terms of the advancedness of culture, on the other hand, the pursuit of cultural advancedness is necessary for national cultural security. Hence, it is important to improve the public awareness of cultural security, and more essentially, for the government is to have a right cultural security orientation and policy.
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