文章摘要
曾向红,陈亚州.从“阿拉伯之春”到“占领”运动——全球抗议周期中的框架转型及其效果[J].国际安全研究,2015,(5):81-106
从“阿拉伯之春”到“占领”运动——全球抗议周期中的框架转型及其效果
From the “Arab Spring” to Occupy Movements:Framework Transformation and its Effects within the New Global Protest Cycle
投稿时间:2015-03-06  修订日期:2015-04-14
DOI:
中文关键词: “阿拉伯之春”;占领华尔街运动;主框架;框架转型;抗议周期
英文关键词: Arab Spring; Occupy Wall Street Movement; master framework; framework transformation; protest cycle
基金项目:本文系系国家社会科学基金西部项目“中东国家的社会变迁与社会运动研究”(项目批准号:13XGJ001)的阶段性研究成果。
作者单位
曾向红 兰州大学中亚研究所、管理学院,兰州 ,730000 
陈亚州 兰州大学中亚研究所、管理学院,兰州 ,730000 
摘要点击次数: 986
全文下载次数: 2003
中文摘要:
      2010年年底以来发生在西亚北非的“阿拉伯之春”以及以美国“占领华尔街”运动为代表的系列“占领”运动,被国内外学术界视为构成新一轮全球抗议周期的组成部分。作者从社会运动理论有关主框架和抗议周期之间的关系出发,考察了“阿拉伯之春”和系列“占领”运动之间的联系与异同。“阿拉伯之春”中一个具有创新性的“变革”主框架的出现,构成此轮抗议周期兴起并具备强大动员能力的重要原因;而当系列“占领”运动在借鉴“阿拉伯之春”的话语和象征体系的基础上提出了一种“占领”主框架时,抗议周期在主框架上经历了从“变革”到“占领”的转型过程。然而,与“变革”主框架相比,“占领”主框架在经验的可信度、经历的可测量度和观念的重要性上存在明显不足,这是系列“占领”运动的动员能力无法与“阿拉伯之春”相比的重要原因。鉴于从“阿拉伯之春”到系列“占领”运动之间的意义和象征体系的转型并不成功,大致可以预料,除非新的社会运动对话语体系进行创造性的改造,否则,这一波全球抗议周期将趋于式微。
英文摘要:
      The “Arab Spring” beginning in West Asia and North Africa in December 2010 and the series of Occupy Movements (especially the Occupy Wall Street Movement in America) surging around the world have been considered an integrated part of a new global protest cycle by the scholars both at home and abroad. Based on a study of the relationship between the master frame and protest cycle from the perspective of social movement theories, this paper seeks to explore the relations and differences between the “Arab Spring” and Occupy Movements. The innovativeness of the master framework of “change” in the “Arab Spring” brought the flourish of the new global protest cycle and endowed it with powerful mobilization capacity. By employing the rhetorical and symbolic system from the “Arab Spring”, the series of Occupy Movements proposed a master framework of “change”, which transformed the protest cycle from “change” to “occupy”. However, compared with the framework of “change”, that of “occupy” has its deficiencies in terms of both empirical credibility, experiential measurability and importance of idea. As a result, the mobility of the Occupy Movements is by no means comparable with that of the “Arab Spring”. On account of the failure of the transformation of the rhetorical and symbolic system from “Arab Spring” to the Occupy Movements, this new global protest cycle is expected to wane unless there would be an innovative change of discourse system in social movement.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭