文章摘要
孟晓旭.东亚安全形势与日本安保政策调整[J].国际安全研究,2016,(2):50-76
东亚安全形势与日本安保政策调整
The Security Situation in East Asia and the Adjustment of Japan’s Security Policy
投稿时间:2015-12-20  修订日期:2016-01-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 东亚安全;日本安保政策;国家正常化
英文关键词: East Asia security, security policy, national normalization
基金项目:
作者单位
孟晓旭 国际关系学院国际政治系,北京 ,100091 
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中文摘要:
      东亚安全形势总体稳定。日本刻意渲染东亚威胁特别是“中国威胁”,迎合美国“亚太再平衡”战略,对安保政策进行战后以来的大幅调整。主要内容包括重构国家安保顶层设计;调整防卫理念,增强自主防卫力量;修改“武器出口三原则”、步步解禁集体自卫权,颠覆战后专守防卫政策;调整对外安保关系,加强日美安保同盟,构筑地区多层安保框架等。日本安保政策的调整具有深远影响。首先,在重塑与加强自身防卫的同时,打造出战后以来日本最具危险性的政军体制,使日本成为东亚安全中突出的不稳定因素。其次,不利于中日安全互信的建立,复杂和恶化了中日关系及中国周边安全环境,使东亚本就存在的安全困境更为恶化。最后,使日美同盟从防御/威慑的内向型同盟转变为威慑/进攻的外向型同盟。日本防卫政策的调整在加强美国对东亚安全事务干涉与掌控能力的同时,也提升了日本的自主性与主导性,日本不正常的“国家正常化”又前进了一步,最终将破坏日美同盟及美国的东亚安全战略。
英文摘要:
      Generally speaking, the security situations in East Asia are stable. However, Japan deliberately exaggerates the threats in East Asia, in particular the “China threat” and has made its biggest adjustments to its security policies since the World War II to be in tune with the United States’ “Asia-Pacific rebalancing” strategy. These adjustments include 1) reconstructing the top-level national security design; 2) adjusting the defensive philosophy and enhancing self-defense forces; 3) modifying “the three principles of arms exports”, gradually lifting the ban on its collective self-defense, and overthrowing the post-war defense policy; 4) adjusting the external security relations, including strengthening Japan-US security alliance and building multi-regional security frameworks. Japan’s adjustments of its security policies have far-reaching implications. First, by reshaping and strengthening its defense, Japan has created the most dangerous political and military systems since the World War II, making itself one of the most prominent threats in East Asia. Secondly, it is not conducive to building mutual trust in Sino-Japanese security relations, and instead it brings complication and deterioration to Sino-Japanese relations and China’s peripheral security environment and worsens the security dilemma in East Asia. Finally, Japan-US alliance undergoes a transition from inward-looking alliance which focuses on defense/deterrence to outward-looking alliance which focuses on deterrence/offensive. Japan’s adjustments of its defense policies help strengthen the US’ intervention and control capabilities in East Asian security affairs, and enhance Japan’s autonomy and dominance in East Asia, though it is another step forward toward “national normalization”, which will eventually undermine the Japan-US alliance and the United States’ security Strategy for East Asia.
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