文章摘要
侯艾君.“新泛突厥主义”运动及中国意识形态安全:挑战与应对[J].国际安全研究,2016,(2):125-146
“新泛突厥主义”运动及中国意识形态安全:挑战与应对
Neo Pan-Turkism Movement and Ideological Security of China:Challenges and Responses
投稿时间:2015-12-13  修订日期:2016-01-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 新泛突厥主义;地缘文明;意识形态安全
英文关键词: Neo Pan-Turkism, geo-civilization, ideological security
基金项目:
作者单位
侯艾君 中国社会科学院世界历史研究所,北京 ,100006 
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中文摘要:
      大致从2007年土耳其“正义与发展党”再度执政并推行“新奥斯曼主义”政策以来,泛突厥主义获得新动力,相对于之前的泛突厥主义进程(1991年至2005年间),类似现象或可称为“新泛突厥主义”。2009年,土耳其明确以“新奥斯曼主义”作为治国和外交方略,其实是对之前政策的确认,而泛突厥主义正是“新奥斯曼主义”意识形态兼容的部分。与此前相比,土耳其与中亚、高加索相关各国互动更加频繁,中亚、高加索各国积极配合,各方合作水平提升;初步具备了机制化的合作平台,进行突厥语国家的多边合作。土耳其政治家不仅用“新奥斯曼主义”凝聚国民,也在争夺中亚、高加索的“大牌局”中,获得地缘文明、地缘政治优势,其影响不断扩大,是一个值得观察的现象。现在,俄罗斯、西方国家和土耳其在东欧和中东的激烈争夺必将影响中亚形势,而中亚地区与中国国家安全紧密相关。泛突厥主义也会给中国带来意识形态-文化的挑战、甚至安全威胁。因此,必须深入观察其动态和趋势并积极应对。
英文摘要:
      Pan-Turkism has enjoyed a new impetus since the Turkish Justice and Development Party came to power again and began to implement “neo-Ottomanism” policy in 2007. In 2009, the Turkish authorities officially took neo-Ottomanism as the guideline for their domestic and foreign policies, openly confirming their previous principles. In fact, Pan-Turkism is ideologically compatible with neo-Ottomanism. In comparison with its Pan-Turkism development from 1991 to 2005, what is going on currently can be labeled “neo Pan-Turkism”, which is more actively and openly pursued by the Turkish authorities. The interactions between Turkey on the one hand and Central Asia and Caucasia on the other are becoming more frequent. The authorities in Central Asia and Caucasia boast closer cooperation. A platform for Turkic-speaking countries for multilateral cooperation mechanism has been established. Turkish politicians use this platform not only to unite its people domestically, but also to gain geo-civilization and geopolitical advantages on the “Grand Chessboard” of Central Asia and Caucasia and to expand the Turkish sphere of influence. The fierce competition in Eastern Europe and Middle East between Russia, the West and Turkey is bound to have its impact on the situations in Central Asia, which are closely related to the security of China. Pan-Turkism will possibly pose a challenge to the ideology and culture and even security of China. Therefore, the Pan-Turkism situation and trend must be closely followed and proactively tackled.
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