文章摘要
陆华东.第三方因素与中美关系的逆社会化——以中国周边安全态势为例*[J].国际安全研究,2017,(1):68-97
第三方因素与中美关系的逆社会化——以中国周边安全态势为例*
Third Party Factor and Counter socialization in China US Relations: Taking China’ s Perimeter Security as an Example
投稿时间:2016-05-31  修订日期:2016-09-13
DOI:
中文关键词: 第三方因素;逆社会化;中美关系;钓鱼岛危机;中菲南海争端;朝核危机
英文关键词: the third-party factors, counter-socialization, China-US relations, Diaoyu Islands crisis, the South China Sea Disputes, North Korea Nuclear Crisis
基金项目:本文系是中国人民大学科学研究基金(中央高校基本科研业务专项资金资助)项目“美国亚太联盟转型研究”(项目批准号:16XNB007)的部分成果。
作者单位
陆华东 新华社江苏分社对外新闻部,南京 ,210005 
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中文摘要:
      2008年金融危机以来,中美关系下行趋势渐显。对此,国内外学者从体系结构压力、对外战略、国内政治以及意识形态等角度提出了诸多解释。然而,现实中中美关系日趋下行的原因却更为复杂。近年来频频发酵的钓鱼岛危机、南海争端以及朝核危机等第三方因素逐渐凸显,对中美关系的破坏作用不容忽视。为弥补既有解释的不足,作者将尝试从第三方视角构建一个替代性的逆社会化理论框架。这一理论认为,中美关系中的第三方可以通过冲突化、污名化与互信退化三个微观机制诱发中美关系的紧张局势。案例研究表明:日本挑起的钓鱼岛争端不仅诱发了中美关于东海防空识别区的冲突,而且加剧了中美两国在西太平洋地区的军事竞争。菲律宾则借黄岩岛危机,在国际上大肆丑化中国形象,其发起的南海仲裁案使得中美两国相互认知日趋负面。朝鲜近年来频繁进行核试验,更是加剧了中美两国在制裁朝鲜、部署“萨德”系统等问题上的战略互疑。对于第三方的逆社会化效应,中美双方均应高度警惕、精心管控。
英文摘要:
      From different perspectives of system structure pressure, foreign strategies, domestic politics and ideologies, many experts at home and abroad have put forth various explanations for the downturn in China-US relations since the 2008 financial crisis. However, the downward trend in China-US relationship is a result of sophisticated realistic factors. The third party factors such as the Diaoyu Islands crisis, the South China Sea disputes and the DPRK nuclear crisis are undoubtedly detrimental to the bilateral relations between China and the United States. To supplement the inadequate explanation, this paper attempts to construct, from the third party perspective, an alternative counter-socialization theoretical framework. This theory holds that the third party factor may trigger tensions in China-US relations by means of conflicts, stigmatization, and diminishing mutual trust. Case studies show that the Diaoyu Islands crisis provoked by Japan has not only triggered conflicts between China and the United States with regard to the East China Sea ADIZ, but also accelerated an arms race in the West Pacific region. The Philippines submitted the South China Sea Arbitration hoping to smear China’s international image through the South China Sea disputes and undermine mutual trust between China and the United States. DPRK’s frequent nuclear tests have intensified bilateral strategic suspicion related to the DPRK sanctions and the deployment of THAAD in ROK. China and the US should maintain high levels of vigilance and formulate appropriate measures in order to handle the counter-socialization effects from the third party.
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