文章摘要
刘磊,贺鉴.“一带一路”倡议下的中非海上安全合作*[J].国际安全研究,2017,(1):98-117
“一带一路”倡议下的中非海上安全合作*
On China Africa Maritime Security Cooperation from Perspective of the Belt and Road Initiative
投稿时间:2016-08-20  修订日期:2016-10-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 一带一路;中非关系;海上安全合作;中非海上安全共同体
英文关键词: the Belt and Road Initiative, China-African relations, maritime security cooperation, China-African maritime security community
基金项目:本文系系2015年度中国海洋发展研究会基金项目“‘一带一路’倡议下中非海洋合作研究”(项目号:CAMAJJ201503)以及2015年度青岛市博士后人员应用研究项目“中国应对美国亚太反导部署的策略以及青岛地区国防建设的角色”的阶段性成果。
作者单位
刘磊 中国海洋大学法政学院 
贺鉴 中国海洋大学法政学院 
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中文摘要:
      随着中国“一带一路”倡议的提出与推进,其涉及范围逐步向非洲大陆扩展,特别是习近平主席最终确定将“21世纪海上丝绸之路”穿越非洲大陆。在此背景下,中国政府有必要借助“21世纪海上丝绸之路”扩展到非洲的机遇,在现有中非经贸、政治及安全合作的基础上把中非关系扩展到海洋领域。鉴于非洲多国政局并不稳定、非传统安全威胁加重,其中来自海上的非传统安全问题日渐突出等局面,在依托“21世纪海上丝绸之路”扩展中非合作关系的过程中,中国需要与非洲相关国家加强各领域特别是海上的安全合作,并争取其他域外大国的良性参与,避免恶性竞争,共同创建一个“中非海上安全共同体”,为包括中国、其他域外国家在内的各国在非洲经贸领域的合作及发展保驾护航。这样既能巩固和加强中非传统合作关系,推动其发展到新的层次,更好地保护中国在非洲的海外利益,也能避免与其他域外大国在非洲走向“零和博弈”。
英文摘要:
      As China’s Belt and Road Initiative forges ahead, it gradually extends to the African continent, especially when President Xi Jinping declares that the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road will traverse the continent. Therefore, the Chinese government should take this opportunity to further its cooperation with African countries in the economic, trade, political and security as well as maritime fields. Due to political instability in many African countries, and aggravated non-traditional threats, especially those threats from the ocean, China should strengthen cooperation with relevant African countries on maritime security, seek well-meaning participation from the non-African powers in order to avoid vicious competition and jointly establish a China-Africa Maritime Security Community, which will safeguard the economic activities of China and other non-African countries in the continent. In this way, the China-Africa traditional cooperation will be enhanced to a new level at which China’s interests will be better protected and the zero-sum game between China and other major non-African powers will be avoided.
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