文章摘要
J.詹姆斯·金著石延芳译.韩国在中美安全竞争间的选择[J].国际安全研究,2017,(4):19-32
韩国在中美安全竞争间的选择
South Koreas Choice in between China and the United States
投稿时间:2017-02-22  修订日期:2017-04-21
DOI:
中文关键词: 中国;美国;韩国;双重等级
英文关键词: China, United States, South Korea, dual hierarchy
基金项目:
作者单位
J.詹姆斯·金著石延芳译 韩国峨山政策研究院,美国哥伦比亚大学国际与公共事务学院 
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中文摘要:
      由于中国的崛起,东亚的地区秩序发生了巨大变化,目前正处于过渡阶段。在过渡期的地区秩序下,像韩国这样的中等国家面临严重问题,即随着中美大国竞争导致地区旧秩序削弱,韩国该如何应对这种局面。观察家们为中等国家指出了一系列策略选择:从制衡到追随,从防范到接触。有些观察家认为,中等国家将通过不同方式扮演稳定局面的角色,保持双重等级体系,因为中等国家有可能从大国僵持中获益。作者则认为,中等国家可以采用的策略选择很大程度上受制于大国竞争的背景。在大国竞争的背景下,中等国家在战略结盟时很难做出自己的选择,更多是被迫接受某种选择。作者使用基本议价理论作为工具,阐述该观点背后的逻辑支撑是:在影响过渡期地区秩序的相对稳定性方面,中等国家的作用很小;在调和各种选择的影响方面,中等国家也不如大国有决定作用。
英文摘要:
      East Asia is undergoing a transition marked by dramatic shifts in the regional order due to China’s rise. This transitional order presents middle powers like South Korea with an acute problem, namely, how to cope with the weakening of old order arising from the rivalry between China and the United States. Observers point to an array of strategic choices for middle powers ranging from balancing to bandwagoning or hedging to engaging. Some of these observers argue that middle powers will use different means to play a stabilizing role in maintaining the dual hierarchy since they stand to benefit from the hegemonic stalemate. This paper argues that the strategic choices available for the so-called middle powers are largely constrained by the climate of great power rivalry. The argument rests on the premise that middle powers are less choice makers than choice takers when they comes to strategic alignments in great power competition. Basic bargaining theory is used as a heuristic device to illustrate the logical underpinning behind this argument.
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