文章摘要
葛红亮.南海“安全共同体”构建的理论探讨[J].国际安全研究,2017,(4):62-81
南海“安全共同体”构建的理论探讨
Theoretical Considerations on Building the South China Sea Security Community
投稿时间:2017-02-21  修订日期:2017-04-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 南海问题;区域安全;安全共同体;南海地区国家
英文关键词: the South China Sea issue, regional security, security community, countries in the South China Sea
基金项目:本文系受国家社科基金项目“21世纪‘海上丝绸之路’的地缘安全基础研究”(项目号:15XGJ007)、教育部国别和区域研究指向性课题“岛礁建设与南海局势走向及我对策建议”(项目号:17GBQY049)、广西高校科学研究一般项目“‘中国-东盟命运共同体’建设及广西的角色研究”(项目号:KY2015YB085)资助研究。
作者单位
葛红亮 广西民族大学东盟研究中心,南宁 ,530006 
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中文摘要:
      南海地区国家如何在主权纠纷未获解决的情况下开展区域安全治理及实现南海和平、稳定,这至今仍是一个尚未找到答案的问题。南海地区现有的区域安全治理理念、制度安排及其实践效果与地区国家实现南海和平、稳定的共同愿景之间还有不少落差。归根结底,这与中国、东盟与美国之间存在的结构性问题及由此产生的互信不足、缺失有关。南海区域安全治理的核心内容应聚焦于中国、东盟与美国之间存在的结构性问题及互信关系的建立,而致力于缓解与消除地区行为体“恐惧”心理与建立身份、角色认同的“安全共同体”在理论上有可能为实现南海安全塑造一条理想的路径。南海“安全共同体”在理论上虽与“安全共同体”相通,但它不强调一个集体身份的建立,而寻求在地区现有安全态势基础上致力于中国、东盟与美国等主要行为体之间信任关系与身份、角色认同的确立。惟此,南海地区建立“安全共同体”的标志——“和平变革可靠性预期”的条件才有可能得以成熟。
英文摘要:
      It is an unanswered question of either or not the countries in the South China Sea can achieve regional peace and stability in the process of carrying out regional security governance. There is still a wide gap between the shared vision of regional counties in keeping the region peaceful and stable and the existing regional security governance concepts, institutional arrangements and practical effects, which can be attributed to structural problems existing among China, ASEAN and the United States and the ensuing lack of mutual trust. Then theoretically, the South China Sea Security Community (SCSSC), with commitment to relieving and removing fears of some regional actors and building up mutual trust and role identity, is likely to shape an ideal path to regional security. However, the SCSSC is more of a loose aggregation without too much emphasis on the establishment of a collective identity. It strives to forge a relationship featuring mutual trust and role identity among such main actors as China, ASEAN and the United States based on the current security situation. In this way, the condition of “a reliable expectation of peaceful evolution” will be ripe for establishing a “security community” in the South China Sea.
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