文章摘要
任琳.金砖国家非传统安全合作的理论与实践路径[J].国际安全研究,2017,(4):103-124
金砖国家非传统安全合作的理论与实践路径
Theory and Practice of Non Traditional Security Cooperation among BRICS Countries
投稿时间:2017-03-04  修订日期:2017-06-04
DOI:
中文关键词: 金砖国家;安全议程;全球治理;伙伴关系
英文关键词: BRICS countries, security agenda, global governance, partnership
基金项目:
作者单位
任琳 中国社会科学院世界经济与政治研究所国际战略室,北京 ,100732 
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中文摘要:
      围绕金砖国家合作,不少人持有“褪色论”或“金砖分化”的悲观态度,主要论据是金砖国家之间并不存在很强的禀赋互补性,因而难以促成合作。然而,从合作理论和非传统安全问题的治理实践出发,金砖国家合作都是可行的。从理论维度出发,合作包括交换型合作与协作型合作。交换型合作认为,禀赋的互补性缺失,合作就难以形成。这也是当前学界对于金砖合作的争论焦点。然而,合作还包括协作型合作,达成共同利益,并不依赖禀赋的互补性就能塑造相互依赖的合作关系。再回到金砖国家在非传统安全问题领域内合作实践的维度,随着安全的内涵、议程和治理路径发生转变,国与国之间的共同利益越来越多。因为全球化时代安全议程空前复杂、具有非传统性,进而超越了一国之能力予以治理。具体到金砖合作的治理实践之中,塑造后天共同利益的操作路径包括:塑造“行动焦点”、把饼做大;培育信任、塑造伙伴关系等。此外,金砖国家合作强调包容性规范,持开放的姿态,重视与其他平台以及世界各国的合作。
英文摘要:
      Concerning BRICS cooperation, many people hold pessimisticviews like “fading theory” or “BRICS differentiation”. Their main argument is that BRICS countries do not enjoy strong endowment complementarity and therefore, it is difficult to promote cooperation among the relevant countries. However, viewed from the cooperation theory and the governance practices of non-traditional security issues, BRICS cooperation stands to be feasible. From the theoretical dimension, cooperation takes the forms of exchange-based cooperation and collaborative cooperation. The exchange-based cooperation reckons that the missing in the complementarity of natural endowment makes it difficult to achieve cooperation, which is also the focus of current debate on BRICS cooperation in the academia. However, cooperation also embodies collaborative cooperation, which aims at attaining common interests and shaping an interdependent cooperative relationship without too much dependence on endowment complementarity. The cooperation practices of BRICS countries outside the areas of security issues demonstrate that the transformation of security concepts and agenda as well as governance paths has generated more common interests between countries. In the era of globalization, the non-traditional security agenda has become unprecedentedly complex, so much so that it is beyond the capacity of a single country to cope with. Regarding the governance practices of BRICS cooperation, the operating paths to shaping acquired common interests include creating the “action focus” to make the cake bigger, fostering trust and forging partnership. In addition, cooperation among the BRICS countries shall attach great importance to inclusive norms, an open posture and closer ties with other platforms and countries around the world.
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