文章摘要
曾向红,杨双梅.国家地位信号释放与俄罗斯军事干预叙利亚[J].国际安全研究,2017,(6):3-31
国家地位信号释放与俄罗斯军事干预叙利亚
Status Signaling in International Relations and Russia’s Military Intervention in Syrian Civil War
投稿时间:2017-02-24  修订日期:2017-04-03
DOI:
中文关键词: 叙利亚危机;俄罗斯;军事干预;地位信号;信号释放策略
英文关键词: Syrian crisis, Russia, military intervention, status signals, signal releasing strategy
基金项目:本文系系国家社科基金西部项目“中东国家的社会变迁与社会运动研究”(项目批准号:13XGJ001)的阶段性成果,且受兰州大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目重点研究基地团队建设项目“‘一带一路’安全问题研究”(项目编号:17LZUJBWTD002)的资助。
作者单位
曾向红 兰州大学中亚研究所,兰州 ,730000 
杨双梅 兰州大学管理学院、兰州大学中亚研究所,兰州 ,730000 
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中文摘要:
      俄罗斯自2015年9月开始军事干预叙利亚危机。对于俄罗斯为何进行军事干预以及采取空袭的干预方式,国内外学术界尚存争议。俄罗斯军事干预叙利亚的主要目标是通过干预行动向不同的目标观众——包括叙利亚巴沙尔政权、叙反对派、“伊斯兰国”等恐怖组织和以美国为首的西方国家等——发出一系列的地位信号,以巩固和重塑俄罗斯的大国地位。针对不同的目标观众,俄罗斯使用了“炫耀性消费”“分享性给予”“倾向性解释”和“寻求性斗争”四种信号传导策略。就效果来看,俄罗斯的军事干预大致实现了其预期目标。通过地位信号这一视角分析俄罗斯军事干预叙利亚的目标与策略,不仅提供了一种理解国家行为的分析框架,也能为推动叙利亚问题的解决提供一定启发。
英文摘要:
      Russia began its military intervention in Syrian crisis since September 2015. It still remains a highly contentious issue in the academic circle at home and abroad as to why Russia launched its military intervention and chose airstrikes as its means of intervention. This paper argues that Russia’s intervention is to release a series of status signals to different target audiences like the Assad Regime, the Syrian opposition forces, the ISIL and other terrorist organizations, the US-led western coalition in order to consolidate and reshape Russia’s great power status. With regard to different target audiences, Russia employed four kinds of signal transmission strategies including “conspicuous consumption”, “communal sharing”, “tendentious interpretation”, and “exploratory fighting”. As far as the effects are concerned, Russia’s military intervention has basically achieved its expected goals. With the analysis of the goals and strategies of Russia’s military intervention in Syria from the perspective of releasing status signals, this paper not only provides a new analytical framework for understanding state behaviors but also renders an insight and inspiration for promoting the settlement of the Syrian crisis.
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