文章摘要
杨恕,王术森.议题性质、威胁认知、共同利益与“可合作安全”[J].国际安全研究,2018,(2):3-22
议题性质、威胁认知、共同利益与“可合作安全”
Nature of Issues, Threat Perception, Common Interests and “Cooperative Security”
投稿时间:2018-01-02  修订日期:2018-01-15
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2018.02.001
中文关键词: 可合作安全;安全合作;议题性质;威胁认知;共同利益
英文关键词: cooperative security, security cooperation, nature of issues, threat perception, common interests
基金项目:
作者单位
杨恕 兰州大学中亚研究所,甘肃 兰州 730000 
王术森 兰州大学马克思主义学院,甘肃 兰州 730000 
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中文摘要:
      通过合作促进安全的理念越来越成为国际社会的共识。但是,在当前的国际安全合作中,普遍存在“多愿望,少行动”的现象。由于安全概念的泛化,国际社会几乎在所有安全问题上都表达出希望通过合作的方式来解决问题的意愿。但实际上,很多安全问题不可合作。“可合作安全”的概念是基于议题性质、威胁认知和共同利益的一种预设的状态。对议题性质的认定是安全合作的前提条件。如果安全合作对象在议题性质的认定方面观点不一致,那么安全合作不可实现;反之,安全合作是可能实现的。在安全合作对象关于议题性质观点一致的基础上,安全合作主要受威胁认知和共同利益两个因素的影响。如果安全合作的对象彼此威胁认知越小,且在应对安全威胁方面的共同利益越多,那么安全合作越可能实现;如果安全合作对象彼此威胁认知越大,且在应对安全威胁方面的共同利益越少,那么安全合作越难实现、甚至不可合作。“可合作安全”在应对安全威胁的实践中,可以为有关部门在什么问题上合作、与谁合作等提供思路,使国际安全合作更具针对性和目的性。
英文摘要:
      Currently, the concept of promoting security through cooperation has been widely recognized and acclaimed by the international community. However, the phenomenon of “more wishes, less actions” still prevails and persists in the current international security cooperation. With the security concept becoming more and more general, the international community has expressed its willingness and wishes to solve nearly all security issues in a cooperative manner. In reality, many security issues leave no room for cooperation. The proposed concept of “cooperative security” is a presupposition based on the nature of issues, threat perception and common interests and the determination of the nature of issues is a prerequisite for security cooperation. If parties involved in security cooperation hold different views on the nature of issues, security cooperation cannot be achieved. Otherwise, security cooperation can be fulfilled. If parties concerned hold identical views on the nature of issues, security cooperation will be affected by two factors — threat perception and common interests. Security cooperation is more likely to materialize if relevant parties feel less threatened and have more common interests in dealing with security threats. Conversely, if relevant parties have a high level of threat awareness among each other and less common interests in handling security threats, it will become difficult or even impossible to cooperate. In the practices of tackling security threats, “cooperative security” will shed light for relevant government agencies on what issues can be picked out for cooperation and whom to cooperate with so as to make international security cooperation more target oriented and have a high sense of purpose.
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