文章摘要
孟晓旭.日本强化安保战略与东北亚安全[J].国际安全研究,2018,(2):91-116
日本强化安保战略与东北亚安全
Japan’s Strengthened Security Strategy and the Security Situation in Northeast Asia
投稿时间:2018-01-09  修订日期:2018-01-19
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2018.02.005
中文关键词: 日本安保战略;东北亚安全;美日安全关系;朝核问题;地区安全困境
英文关键词: Japan’s security strategy, security in Northeast Asia, US-Japan security relations, the DPRK nuclear issue, regional security dilemma
基金项目:
作者单位
孟晓旭 国际关系学院国际政治系,北京 北京,100091 
摘要点击次数: 321
全文下载次数: 297
中文摘要:
      当前,日本进一步强化安保战略,主要举措包括强化国家安全保障会议的“司令塔”功能,完善自卫队的体制建设,加强导弹防御能力,加强岛屿防卫能力,加强海洋安保能力,提升岛屿作战能力,谋求“先发制人”打击力,谋求自卫队合宪,强化日美安保同盟,扩展对外安全合作,推广“印太战略”等。日本安保战略的强化呈现否定二战后“非军事化”、追求威慑力、谋求“塑造力”等特点。日本强化安保战略的目的在于实现“军事大国化”以及夺取地区安保主导权,适应美国对日本政策的变化以及应对朝核问题与“中国威胁”等。日本强化安保战略必将对东北亚安全产生深刻影响。首先,日本军事能力增强,其在可以行使集体自卫权的框架下谋求“先发制人”的能力,将改变美日安全关系中的“矛”与“盾”格局,日本将在东北亚地区扮演更多的安全角色,必将影响东北亚的安全结构。其次,日本强化安保战略的举措刺激朝鲜的“安全神经”,不仅不利于朝核问题的解决,还会进一步加剧东北亚安全形势的紧张。再次,日本在反导系统上与美国捆绑,加深地区安全困境,不利于东北亚安全互信的构建。日本应与中国一道为地区和平与稳定多做积极贡献。
英文摘要:
      Currently, Japan’s security strategy has been further strengthened. Its main initiatives include consolidating the “control tower” function of its National Security Council, improving the institutional construction of the Japan Self-Defense Forces (SDF), reinforcing the capabilities in terms of missile defense, island defense and maritime security, enhancing the capacity for island combat, seeking the capacity to launch a “preemptive strike” and the constitutionality of the SDF, consolidating the Japan-US security alliance, expanding Japan’s security cooperation with other countries and promoting the “Indo-Pacific Strategy”. Japan’s constantly strengthened security strategy has taken on such characteristics as the denial of the post-war “demilitarization”, the pursuit of deterrence and “molding power”. Japan’s intensified security strategy serves the purpose of attaining a leading military power, scrambling for the dominance in regional security, responding actively to the changes in the US policy toward Japan and dealing with the DPRK nuclear issue and “China threat”. Japan’s strengthened security strategy will surely exert a profound impact on the security situation in Northeast Asia. First of all, Japan has greatly enhanced its military capabilities and the ability to launch a “preemptive strike” under the framework of exercising the right of collective self-defense, which will change the “spear-and-shield” pattern in the US-Japan security relations. With Japan’s more participation in the regional security, the security structure in Northeast Asia will be inevitably affected. Secondly, Japan’s move to strengthen its security strategy has irritated North Korea’s “security nerves” and will hamper the settlement of the DPRK nuclear issue and further aggravate the security situation in Northeast Asia. Thirdly, Japan’s binding with the US anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems has exacerbated the regional security dilemma and hindered the construction of security mutual trust in Northeast Asia. Therefore, it is imperative that Japan should work alongside China to make more contributions to regional peace and stability.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭