文章摘要
董亮.2030年可持续发展议程下“人的安全”及其治理[J].国际安全研究,2018,(3):64-81
2030年可持续发展议程下“人的安全”及其治理
Human Security Governance under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
  
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2018.03.004
中文关键词: 2030年可持续发展议程;可持续和平;气候变化;“人的安全”;国际制度
英文关键词: 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, sustainable peace, climate change, human security, international institutions
基金项目:
作者单位
董亮 Assistant Research Fellow, Institute of Asian Studies, China Foreign Affairs University Beijing 100037 
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中文摘要:
      2030年可持续发展议程作为一项新的全球发展计划,其目标是构建免于恐惧和暴力的和平、公正、包容的社会,其核心是消除全球贫困与促进包容性发展,包括消除贫困、饥饿以及应对气候变化等内容。该议程的主体内容体现了联合国所倡导的“人的安全”理念,这一理念强调各种威胁的相互关联性,人的安全和人的发展是同一事物相辅相成的,这种治理观要求广泛借助联合国系统,并且顾及地方、国家、区域和国际范围内各级公私部门行为体的特点和资源,拓展一种由各种利益攸关方组成的综合框架,其内容涉及粮食安全、气候安全、环境安全、社会安全、反恐、移民等重要的传统与非传统安全议题。其中,气候变化、资源消耗、南北差距等问题是可持续发展难以实现的重要动因。上述安全议程同时体现了各种广泛的经济、社会和环境关联性。因此,建构全球“人的安全”治理机制需以联合国为核心,并形成多层治理、建构广泛的国际伙伴关系,以实现联合国所倡议的全球可持续和平愿景。
英文摘要:
      The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a new plan for global development, aims to foster peaceful, just and inclusive societies which are free from fear and violence. The core of the Agenda consists in eliminating global poverty and promoting inclusive development. The Agenda covers a variety of issues from poverty and hunger eradication to urgent actions on climate change. The Agenda’s conceptual core embodies human security advocated by the United Nations. Human security emphasizes the correlations of various threats and considers human security and human development as the same thing that complement each other. This governance concept calls for extensive use of the expertise and resources of the United Nations and taking into consideration of the important roles played by actors in both public and private sectors at local, national, regional and international levels so as to develop a comprehensive network of governance with the engagement of various stakeholders. This framework encompasses important traditional and non-traditional security issues ranging from food security, climate security, environment security and social security to anti-terrorism and unlawful immigration. Among these, climate change, resource consumption and the North-South disparity are the primary causes that impede sustainable development. All of the above-mentioned security agendas demonstrate the relevance of a wide range of economic, social and environmental goals. Therefore, a holistic approach should be adopted to construct a human security governance mechanism with the United Nations as its core and to build a multi-layered governance system with extensive international partnerships so that the vision of sustainable peace across the world advocated by the UN can be achieved.
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