文章摘要
马建光,李佑任.“出兵-撤兵”与俄罗斯在叙利亚地缘政治目标的实现[J].国际安全研究,2018,(3):101-116
“出兵-撤兵”与俄罗斯在叙利亚地缘政治目标的实现
“Dispatching Troops and Withdrawing Troops” and the Realization of Russia’s Geopolitical Goals in Syria
  
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2018.03.006
中文关键词: 俄罗斯;叙利亚危机;出兵;撤兵;地缘政治目标
英文关键词: Russia, Syria, dispatching troops, withdrawing troops, geopolitical goals
基金项目:
作者单位
马建光 Professor, School of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Director of Center for International Studies, National University of Defense Technology
LI Youren, M.A. Student, School of Liberal Arts and Sciences, National University of Defense Technology Changsha 410021. 
李佑任 Professor, School of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Director of Center for International Studies, National University of Defense Technology
LI Youren, M.A. Student, School of Liberal Arts and Sciences, National University of Defense Technology Changsha 410021. 
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中文摘要:
      叙利亚危机爆发后第五年,俄罗斯正式出兵叙利亚,成为打击“伊斯兰国”的重要力量。通过军事行动,俄罗斯成功阻止了恐怖活动的进一步蔓延、提升了自身国际影响力、在困境中绝处逢生。当前,中东地区矛盾依旧纷繁复杂,多方势力持续深度博弈,俄罗斯两次宣布从叙利亚撤出部队,展现了其军事-外交联动运用的“巧实力”,获得了战略红利、实现了部分既定地缘政治目标。然而,俄罗斯长期介入叙利亚与美国及西方展开地缘博弈,对其国家振兴无疑是一个沉重的负担,尤其是叙利亚持续动荡的局势及域外大国的深度介入,使俄罗斯虽两次宣布撤兵,却从未真正撤出,围绕叙利亚及中东地区主导权和国际话语权的争夺还将在各大国间反复上演。随着普京开启其第四个总统任期,俄罗斯在解决叙利亚危机、破除西方制裁、振兴国家经济等问题上依然面临严峻挑战,这需要普京和俄罗斯精英阶层寻求解决问题的“新思路”。
英文摘要:
      It was in the fifth year after the outbreak of Syria crisis that Russia formally sent troops to Syria and became an important force in fighting against the Islamic State. Through military actions, Russia successfully prevented the spread of terrorist activities, enhanced its international influence and gained a strategic advantage in the Middle East. At present, conflicts among different groups remain complex and multi lateral forces continue their in-depth game playing. Russia announced the withdrawal of troops from Syria twice and demonstrated its “smart power” in a military and diplomatic linkage mechanism. Thanks to its ingenious maneuvers, Russia was able to gain strategic dividends and attain part of its defined geopolitical goals. However, Russia’s prolonged involvement in Syria’s geopolitical competition with the United States and the West has undoubtedly become a heavy burden on the country’s rejuvenation. The lasting unrest in Syria and in-depth intervention of external major powers made it impossible for Russia to completely withdraw from Syria. Scrambling for the dominance and international discourse power centered on Syria and the Middle East will be repeatedly staged among major powers. As Putin is at the helm of the state in his fourth term of presidency, Russia will still face severe challenges in addressing the Syrian crisis, breaking down Western sanctions and revitalizing its national economy. Therefore, Putin and the elites of Russia are supposed to explore and come up with “new ideas” to tackle these problems.
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