文章摘要
唐世平著,李思缇译.族群战争的爆发:一个广义理论[J].国际安全研究,2018,(4):64-100
族群战争的爆发:一个广义理论
The Onset of Ethnic War: A General Theory
  修订日期:2018-05-09
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2018.04.003
中文关键词: 族群战争;广义理论;因素;诱因;机制;交互作用;动员
英文关键词: ethnic war, general theory, factors, inducement, mechanism, interaction, mobilization
基金项目:
作者单位
唐世平著 复旦大学 上海 邮编:200433 
李思缇译 复旦大学 上海 邮编:200433 
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中文摘要:
      基于两个分析性的创新:对社会事实秉持以机制为基础的理解路径和对动态交互影响的强调,作者提出了一个有关族群战争爆发的广义理论,并利用两种元机制——安全困境/螺旋模型和群体间–群体内互动——作为“元综合器”,将战争的影响因素与冲突行为的直接驱动力联系起来,对散布在现有文献中的众多因素和机制加以综合,形成了一个更具整合性且动态的族群战争理论。该理论不但整合了既有文献中已经识别的众多因素和机制,而且揭示了先前被隐藏或被忽视的因素、互动和机制,由此指明未来在这些方向的探究将是硕果累累。
英文摘要:
      This paper develops a general theory about the onset of ethnic war, with two analytic innovations: a mechanism-based approach toward social facts and an emphasis on dynamic interactions. With two meta-mechanisms, namely the security dilemma/spiral model and intergroup-intragroup interactions, as meta-synthesizers, the paper brings together numerous factors and mechanisms scattered in the current literature and advances a more integrative and dynamic theory of ethnic war by linking factors with main causes of conflictual behavior via the two meta-mechanisms. The resulting theory not only integrates a multitude of factors and mechanisms identified within the existing literature but also reveals previously hidden or neglected factors, interactions, and mechanisms, thus shedding new light for future studies.
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