文章摘要
郭锐,陈馨.“泛安全化”倾向与东亚军备安全风险[J].国际安全研究,2018,(5):39-53
“泛安全化”倾向与东亚军备安全风险
Pan-Securitization and Risks of East Asian Armament Security
投稿时间:2018-01-17  修订日期:2018-02-02
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2018.0205.000003
中文关键词: 东亚安全;泛安全化;军备安全风险;去安全化
英文关键词: East Asian security, pan-securitization, risk of armament security, non- securitization
基金项目:
作者单位
郭锐  
陈馨  
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中文摘要:
      伴随着世界格局的更迭与国际形势的变化,安全问题在国家间交往中被关注的程度愈益加深,新的地缘环境和国际背景催生了“泛安全化”倾向。近年来,以地缘热点问题为中心,东亚地缘环境发生了一系列的新变化,南海问题博弈加剧、朝鲜半岛安全威胁增大、域内领土争端难以解决、日本政治军事大国战略提速、台海两岸关系微妙紧张起来、域外国家频繁插手东亚事务等,致使整个东亚地区在传统安全和非传统安全领域呈现“泛安全化”的不良倾向。这种状况在影响东亚地缘格局走势的同时,也给该地区带来了多层次、多领域的地缘安全风险,并触及敏感的军备安全问题。从东亚地区具有代表性国家的军费及防务支出占国内生产总值的比重来看,目前东亚部分国家军备发展状况相对合理。不过,由于域内复杂多样化的不确定因素、域外势力介入的不可测性以及东亚军备安全的整体庞杂和结构复杂的突出状况,致使整个地区的军备安全前景面临着多种可能性。东亚国家应开展“去安全化”的新型地区合作,推动建立地区性的军备安全风险管控机制,构建新型军备发展与军备安全关系,共同增进东亚地区的安全与和平。
英文摘要:
      With the changes in the world configuration and international situation, security issues have claimed wide attention in the inter-state engagement, and the new geo-environment and global context have generated the tendency of “pan-securitization”. In recent years, the East Asian geo-environment has undergone a series of new changes, centered on such geo-hotspot issues as the intensified gaming in the South China Sea, the increasing security threat on the Korean Peninsula, deadlocked territorial disputes within the region, the accelerated strategic moves of Japan to strive for a political and military great power, the delicate and strained cross-strait situation and the frequent intervention in the regional affairs from countries outside East Asia. All this has given rise to a negative tendency of “pan-securitization” in traditional and non-traditional security fields in East Asia. This changed situation has not only affected the development of the geographical pattern of East Asia but also posed geo-security risks at different levels and in different domains and touched on sensitive issues like East Asian armament security. In view of the proportion of the military and defense expenditure in GDP of some key East Asian countries, the status quo of East Asian arms development is relatively reasonable. However, the prospects for armament security in the whole region still face many possibilities due to various uncertain regional factors, the unpredictability of the intervention from countries beyond the region as well as the massiveness and complexity of the East Asian armament security architecture. It’s advisable that East Asian countries should carry out new-type regional cooperation featuring “non-securitization”, promote the establishment of regional risk control mechanism for armament security, build a new relationship between armament development and security and jointly facilitate regional security and peace in East Asia.
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