文章摘要
贺鉴,王雪.中俄海洋安全合作论析[J].国际安全研究,2019,(2):24-44
中俄海洋安全合作论析
On Sino-Russian Maritime Security Cooperation
投稿时间:2018-09-26  修订日期:2018-12-17
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2019.02.002
中文关键词: 海洋安全环境;中俄海洋安全合作;海洋安全利益共同体
英文关键词: maritime security environment, Sino-Russian maritime security cooperation, community of maritime security interests
基金项目:
作者单位
贺鉴 中国海洋大学国际事务与公共管理学院 青岛 266100 
王雪 中国海洋大学国际事务与公共管理学院 青岛 266100 
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中文摘要:
      中俄两国在太平洋、北冰洋等海域存在诸多共同的海洋安全目标和利益,双方的海洋安全合作不仅可以在理论层面丰富发展国家间海洋安全合作的内涵,也可在现实层面改善两国的海洋安全环境,维护两国海洋安全权益,同时为全球海洋安全治理做出贡献。21世纪以来,国际形势的变化和中俄关系的相向而行给中俄海洋安全合作营造了良好的外交环境。中俄两国多层级、多领域的合作机制,为两国海洋安全合作的开展提供了丰富的交流沟通平台。北极地区作为新疆域为中俄海洋安全合作带来了新的机遇。中国“一带一路”倡议和俄罗斯“向东看”发展政策也在不断拓展双方共同的海洋安全利益。与此同时,中俄两国的海洋安全合作也面临着“互信程度有待进一步提高、海上防卫方向不完全重合、世界海洋安全环境的复杂与敏感”等问题。在此情况下,通过加强中俄海洋经济的合作、积极构建海洋安全利益共同体以及合理规划中俄海洋安全合作的重点方向和拓展空间,可有效应对双方海洋安全合作面临的挑战。同时,推动多边海洋安全合作机制的建立不仅可为新时代中俄海洋安全合作的深化保驾护航,也有利于促进全球海洋安全的制度化建设。
英文摘要:
      China and Russia have many common maritime security objectives and interests in the Pacific Ocean, the Arctic Ocean and other maritime areas. Cooperation between the two sides in the field of maritime security can not only enrich the connotation of international maritime security cooperation at the theoretical level, but also improve the maritime security environment faced by the two countries, safeguard their maritime security rights and interests and make due contributions to global maritime security governance at the realistic level. Since the beginning of the 21st century, the changes in the international situation and positive efforts made by the two countries have created a favorable diplomatic environment for China and Russia to further their maritime security cooperation. The multi-level and multi-field cooperation mechanism has provided an effective exchange and communication platform for maritime security cooperation between China and Russia. The Arctic region, as a new frontier, has brought new cooperation opportunities to the two countries. China’s “Belt and Road” initiative and Russia’s “looking east” policy are constantly expanding the common interests of both sides in terms of maritime security. However, the current maritime security cooperation between China and Russia also faces such issues as insufficient trust, different maritime defense focuses as well as the complex and sensitive marine environment in the global context. Under such circumstances, the challenges facing bilateral maritime security cooperation can be effectively addressed by strengthening Sino-Russian cooperation in the marine economy, actively building a community of maritime security interests and rationally planning the priorities and expanding space in Sino-Russian maritime security cooperation. In the meantime, promoting the establishment of a multilateral maritime security cooperation mechanism will not only protect the deepening maritime security cooperation between China and Russia in the new era, but also facilitate the institutionalization of the global maritime security governance.
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