文章摘要
杨华锋.人民安全视角下政府供给范式的服务转型[J].国际安全研究,2019,(3):23-44
人民安全视角下政府供给范式的服务转型
Service Transformation of Government Supply Paradigm from the Perspective of People’s Security
投稿时间:2019-01-17  修订日期:2019-02-17
DOI:10.14093/ cnki.cn10-1132/d.2019.03.002
中文关键词: 人民安全;安全供给;掠夺型政府;主导型政府;服务型政府
英文关键词: people’s security, security supply, predatory government, dominance- oriented government, service-oriented government
基金项目:
作者单位
杨华锋 国际关系学院公共管理系 北京 100091 
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中文摘要:
      人民安全是衡量国家治理现代化的重要标尺。从人的安全视角来看,人民安全是政治市场中的公共产品。就需求侧而言,呈现为生存、生活与自由三个基本需求维度;就供给侧而言,包括作为一种政府范式的制度供给和作为公共产品的具体服务供给两个层次,且制度范式的变化为产品供给的变化提供方向、保障与路径。根据安全供给框架中政策支持与资源汲取程度的不同排列组合,可将其分为主导型、无为型、掠夺型和服务型四种政府供给范式,并呈现出各自的供给效率与序列偏好。其中,掠夺型与主导型政府基于对政治安全的价值考虑,对治理能力、安全状态与公众感知三者关系的理解存在特定偏好,在安全治理体系中倾向于构建“能力>状态>感受”的供给秩序。在此情境下,人民安全供给的前置条件是政治安全的保障。在服务型政府的行动逻辑下,人民安全不再内嵌于政治安全之中,而是成为政治安全的逻辑起点与本体内容。人民安全需求的有效满足有赖于政府行为偏好“由掠夺向主导再至服务”的范式转变。这一历史进程意味着人民安全的供给主体、供给策略与供给方式的结构化转型。
英文摘要:
      People’s security is an important yardstick for measuring the modernization of state governance. From the perspective of human security, people’s security is a public good in the political market. As regards the demand side, it presents such three dimensions as survival, life and freedom in terms of basic need. As far as the supply side is concerned, it includes two levels of supply, the institutional supply as a government paradigm and the specific service supply as a public good. Changes in the institutional paradigm provide clear directions, guarantees and paths for changes in product supply. According to different combinations of policy support and resource acquisition under the security supply framework, the government supply paradigm can be divided into four types: dominant, inactive, predatory and service-oriented which present their respective supply efficiency and sequence preference. Among them, the predatory and dominant governments, owing to their centralized preference for political security, have specific preferences in their understanding of the relationship between governance capacity, security status and public perception and thus tend to construct a supply order of “capacity>status> perception”. In this context, the precondition for people’s security supply is the guarantee of political security. According to the operational logic of a service-oriented government, people’s security is no longer embedded in political security but instead has become the logical starting point and ontological content of political security. Therefore, the effective satisfaction of the needs of people’s security depends on a paradigm shift of government’s behavioral preference, from “predatory” to “dominant” and to “service-oriented”. This historical process mirrors the structural transformation of the supply subject, supply strategy and mode of people’s security. With the changes of people’s awareness, the government will surely, in the process of modernization of security governance, enhance the circumstances of people’s security and meet the growing security needs of the people by constantly improving the initiative and subjectivity of actors as well as the capacity and quality of security supply.
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