文章摘要
李文良.新时代中国国家安全治理模式转型研究[J].国际安全研究,2019,(3):45-69
新时代中国国家安全治理模式转型研究
A Study of the Transformation in the Chinese Mode of National Security Governance in a New Era
投稿时间:2018-11-18  修订日期:2018-12-03
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2019.03.003
中文关键词: 总体国家安全观;安全治理;治理主体多元化;安全法治
英文关键词: Overall National Security Outlook, security governance, diversification of governance subjects, rule by law
基金项目:
作者单位
李文良 国际关系学院 北京 100091 
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中文摘要:
      2013年11月,中共十八届三中全会决定设立中央国家安全委员会,完善国家安全体制和国家安全战略,确保国家安全。2014年,习近平主席在中央国家安全委员会第一次会议上正式提出总体国家安全观。总体国家安全观是中国国家安全治理活动的灵魂和纲领。根据总体国家安全观要求,特别是国家安全法治的深入发展,国家安全组织的内涵和国家安全事务的范围发生了很大变化,前者特指由国家安全职能部门转化为囊括国家安全领导机关、国家安全职能机关和国家安全责任机关的整个安全组织体系;后者由传统安全事务范围扩大到非传统安全事务范围。与此同时,中国国际秩序观也发生了根本性的变化,即由原来对国际秩序和国际体系的排斥转变到对国际秩序和国际体系的接纳和融合。这一切都意味着,国家安全治理模式也要随之发生变化,这种变化主要表现在:由单一治理主体向多元治理主体转变、强制治理向综合治理转变、行政治理向法治治理转变以及封闭治理向开放治理转变。国家安全治理模式转型的路径主要有以下三种:转变安全观念,树立总体国家安全观;加强国家安全教育,强化安全治理主体意识;梳理安全职责,为中央国家机关履职奠定基础。
英文摘要:
      In November 2013, the Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the CPC decided to set up the Central National Security Commission of the CPC (CNSC) for the purpose of improving the national security system and national security strategy and thus further ensuring China’s national security. In 2014, President Xi Jinping formally put forward the Overall National Security Outlook at the first meeting of the CNSC. The Overall National Security Outlook is the soul and plan of action of China’s national security governance. In line with the requirements of the Overall National Security Outlook, particularly the in-depth development of the rule of law in national security, great changes have taken place in both component of China’s national security structure and scope of its national security affairs. The former, initially and specifically referred to as relevant line ministries, has now encompassed the whole national security organizational system that includes not only relevant line ministries but also a newly established leading organ and other agencies that are responsible for national security in their fields. Meanwhile, the latter has extended the scope of security affairs to cover both traditional and non-traditional security affairs. In addition, China’s outlook on international order has also undergone a fundamental change from previous exclusion of the international order and system to acceptance of and integration into them. All this means that the mode of national security governance will change accordingly, transforming from a single governance body to multiple governance bodies, from compulsory governance to comprehensive governance, from administrative governance to governance by rule of law, from closed governance to open governance. There are three main paths to the transformation of national security governance practices: changing traditional notions of security and establishing an overall national security outlook; strengthening national security education and heightening subject awareness of security governance; clarifying job responsibilities and laying a solid foundation for central state organs to perform their duties.
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