文章摘要
曾向红,陈科睿.理解恐怖分子的行为激进化:一个整合性分析框架[J].国际安全研究,2019,(4):3-29
理解恐怖分子的行为激进化:一个整合性分析框架
Understanding the Behavioral Radicalization of Terrorists: An Integrated Analytic Framework
  修订日期:2018-11-19
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2019.04.001
中文关键词: 恐怖主义;激进化;行为激进化;整合性分析框架;整合性治理
英文关键词: terrorism, radicalization, behavioral radicalization, integrated analytic framework, integrated governance
基金项目:本文系国家社科基金“一带一路”专项项目“中亚五国研究与数据库建设”(项目批准号:17VDL003)与国家社科基金重点项目“涉疆反恐形势、机制与对策研究”(项目批准号:15AZD018)的阶段性成果,并得到2019年度兰州大学人文社科类中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金重点研究基地项目“欧亚秩序与一带一路研究”(项目编号:2019jbkyjd005)及其他类别项目(项目编号:2019jbkytd002、2019jbkyzy029)的资助。
作者单位
曾向红  
陈科睿  
摘要点击次数: 210
全文下载次数: 172
中文摘要:
      当前在对恐怖分子激进化的分析中存在“激进化是否遵循线性的发展道路”和“思想激进化与行为激进化的区分是否必要”的争议,导致对激进化的理解存在困惑。在坚持非线性组织方式、思想与行为二分法的基础上,构建了一个分析恐怖分子行为激进化的整合性分析框架,即对经验研究中的推动、拉动和中介因素进行了区分和统合。推动因素表现为个体或群体的失控、焦虑、羞辱、不满、怨恨等负面情绪,拉动因素表现为恐怖组织提供的“圣战”、重建“哈里发国”、“末日决战”等极端主义意识形态;而人际网络、虚拟网络与大众传媒在行为激进化中发挥着中介因素的作用。理解恐怖分子的行为激进化具有一定的理论与现实意义。就理论意义而言,可以借此探究恐怖主义的产生原因。就现实意义而言,从负面情绪、意识形态、网络与大众传媒三个方面对恐怖主义进行整合性治理,能提高恐怖主义全球治理的有效性。
英文摘要:
      In the current analysis of terrorist radicalization, controversies still prevail over two issues: “whether the radicalization of terrorists follows a path of linear development” and “whether the differentiation between ideological radicalization and behavioral radicalization is necessary”. This has led to a confused understanding of terrorist radicalization. Based on the non-linear structural model and the ideology/behavior dichotomy, this paper intends to construct an integrated analytic framework to differentiate and integrate the push, pull and mediating factors in empirical researches on the behavioral radicalization of terrorists. The push factors have manifested themselves in such negative emotions of individuals or groups as loss of control, anxiety, humiliation, discontent and resentment. The pull factors are synonymous with the extremist ideologies propagated by terrorist organizations such as “jihad”, “rebuilding the Islamic Caliphate” and “the apocalyptic war”. In addition, the interpersonal networks, virtual networks and mass media play important intermediary roles in the behavioral radicalization. Understanding the behavioral radicalization of terrorists bears great theoretical and practical implications. Theoretically speaking, the root causes of terrorism can be further explored. Practically speaking, it can greatly improve the effectiveness of global governance of terrorism through an integrated model which includes three perspectives: negative emotions, ideologies and networks/mass media
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭