文章摘要
刘乐.论恐怖主义的社会解构[J].国际安全研究,2019,(4):30-50
论恐怖主义的社会解构
On the Social Deconstruction of Terrorism
  修订日期:2019-04-07
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2019.04.002
中文关键词: 恐怖主义;社会解构;反恐治理;世界秩序
英文关键词: terrorism, social deconstruction, counter-terrorism governance, world order
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作者单位
刘乐  
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中文摘要:
      作为一种极端的解构力量,恐怖主义对于国际秩序的威胁和损害不仅在于通过制造恶性事件以破坏国际社会的安全稳定,更在于借助销蚀主流价值而削弱国际秩序的观念基础。因此,国际社会有必要将评估和应对恐怖主义的社会解构纳入反恐治理的基本范畴。其中,以“伊斯兰国”组织为代表的恐怖主义力量进行社会解构的行为策略,可以分为以动摇当代领土政治、颠覆主流生命伦理和创设替代政治秩序为主要构成的重释再造,以动员恐怖袭击、滋长恐怖气氛和催生仇恨敌对为主要构成的“木马”植入,以“黑色经济”“黑色宣传”和“黑色技术”为主要构成的反向利用。目前,国际社会的反恐路径注重结合预防恐怖主义的内向防御逻辑与打击恐怖主义的外向进攻逻辑。沿着这一思路,国际社会可以综合采取加强反恐实践中的逆向战略、修正反恐叙事中的敌意话语和联通反恐治理中的不同系统等多种举措以应对恐怖主义的社会解构。
英文摘要:
      As an extreme deconstructive force, the threats and harm posed by terrorism to the international order lie not only in undermining the security and stability of the international community by creating vicious incidents but also in weakening the conceptual foundation of the international order by eroding mainstream values. Therefore, it is imperative for the international community to include into its basic scope of counter-terrorism governance the social deconstruction, aiming at assessing and tackling the issue of terrorism. The behavioral strategies adopted by terrorist forces represented by the “Islamic State” to conduct social deconstruction can be divided into three parts. The first part aims to shake contemporary territory politics, overturn mainstream bioethics and create alternative political orders. The second part aims to plot terrorist attacks, foster an atmosphere of terror, and breed enmity and hatred. The last part aims to make full use of black economy, illegal propaganda and advanced technology. At present, the counter-terrorism practices of the international community focus on the combination of inward defensive logic to prevent terrorism and outward offensive logic to combat terrorism. Sticking to this line of thinking, the international community can take a comprehensive approach to strengthening the reverse strategy in counter-terrorism practices, correcting the hostile discourse in counter-terrorism narratives and enhancing interconnection between different sub-systems of counter-terrorism governance to cope with the social deconstruction of terrorism.
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