文章摘要
苏彧,魏松.一体化背景下的国家安全战略能力探讨[J].国际安全研究,2019,(5):55-78
一体化背景下的国家安全战略能力探讨
A Discussion on National Security Strategic Capability under the Background of Integrationn
投稿时间:2019-05-13  修订日期:2019-06-13
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2019.05.003
中文关键词: 一体化;国家安全战略;能力建设
英文关键词: integration, national security strategy, capacity building
基金项目:
作者单位
苏彧 Research Fellow, Pangoal Institution Beijing, 100037 
魏松 Research Fellow, Pangoal Institution Beijing, 100037 
摘要点击次数: 61
全文下载次数: 49
中文摘要:
      能力是实现国家安全战略目标的基础,在国家安全战略实践中,能力是重中之重,但国家安全理论对能力问题的探讨却有所不足。国家安全战略能力是国家安全理论中的新概念,与国家安全能力、国家战略能力等传统概念既有联系又有区别,主要是指推动和落实国家安全战略的能力。随着国家安全概念不断拓展,国家安全战略能力也需要放在一体化的国家战略体系背景下深化分析。一体化概念运用到国家安全领域时,主要指统筹安全与发展的关系、各安全领域之间的关系、体系与能力的关系。国家行为主体建设和运用国家安全战略能力时,需要统筹这三对关系进行思考。一体化背景下,在国家安全战略能力要素方面,需要注意到战略资源、转化机制和谋划水平的拓展与延伸;在国家安全战略能力的结构方面,需要注意国家安全战略能力建设和运用各环节、各安全领域战略能力、国内外安全战略能力的变化。文章结合中国所处的当前战略环境,认为一体化背景下提升中国国家安全战略能力的主要途径包括强化战略领导能力、聚合国际国内资源、优化能力转化机制、军民融合发展和强化人才队伍建设。
英文摘要:
      Capability is the foundation for achieving strategic objectives of national security and the top priority in the practices of national security strategies. However, it hasn’t been discussed fully in national security theories. As a new concept, national security strategic capability is related to but different from such traditional concepts as national security capability and national strategic capability in national security theories. It mainly refers to the ability to promote and implement national security strategies. With the continuous expansion of the concept of national security, national security strategic capability also calls for an in-depth analysis under an integrated national strategic framework. When applied to the field of national security, the concept of integration mainly refers to making an overall plan for coordinating the relationship between security and development, the relationship between various security fields and the one between systems and capabilities. When state actors build and employ national security strategic capabilities, it is necessary for them to take into full consideration these three pairs of relationships. Against the backdrop of integration, special attention should be given to the expansion and extension of strategic resources, transformation mechanisms and planning standards with regards to the elements of national security strategic capability. In terms of the structure of national security strategic capability, close attention should be paid to all stages of the building and applying of national security strategic capability, strategic capabilities in various security areas and the changes in security strategic capabilities both at home and abroad. This paper, in the light of China’s current strategic environment, intends to put forward main pathways to the enhancement of China’s national security strategic capabilities in the context of integration, which include strengthening strategic leadership, pooling international and domestic resources, optimizing the mechanism of capacity transformation, promoting coordinated military and civilian development and reinforcing the talent team building.
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