文章摘要
王政达.中美复合战略稳定关系:建构 依据、基本框架与发展趋势[J].国际安全研究,2019,(5):79-107
中美复合战略稳定关系:建构 依据、基本框架与发展趋势
The Composite Strategic Stability in Sino-US Relationship: Its Basis, Framework and Development Trend
投稿时间:2018-09-05  修订日期:2019-02-12
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2019.05.004
中文关键词: 中美复合战略稳定关系;战略稳定性;经济相互依存;战略互信;对话与合作机制
英文关键词: Sino-US composite strategic stability relationship, strategic stability, economic interdependence, strategic mutual trust, dialogue and cooperation mechanisms
基金项目:
作者单位
王政达 Lecturer and Ph.D., School of Public Administration, Shandong University of Political Science and Law Jinan, 250014. 
摘要点击次数: 117
全文下载次数: 99
中文摘要:
      中美战略稳定关系已经超越经典战略稳定性,向着复合战略稳定关系的方向演化。建构中美复合战略稳定关系是稳定两国关系的客观需要。彼此战略竞争加剧给中美之间非均势核威慑基础上的战略稳定性带来负面影响。在美国提高核力量于国家安全战略中的地位、将核武器重新作为霸权工具的背景下,中美战略稳定性面临挑战。特朗普政府对中国挑起贸易争端,经贸关系在中美关系中的“稳定器”和“压舱石”作用减弱,建构中美复合战略稳定关系的必要性凸显。中美之间经济深度相互依存,在维护国际体系稳定方面具有共同利益,这为建构中美复合战略稳定关系奠定了坚实的基础。中美复合战略稳定关系框架包括建立在非均势核威慑基础上的战略稳定性、双方经济的深度相互依存、战略互信、双方对话交流与合作机制等四根支柱,其中以非均势核威慑基础上的战略稳定性为核心支柱。虽然中美战略互信存在短板,但随着中国战略核力量的进步、中美经济相互依存的继续维持和双方对话交流与合作机制的成熟和完善,中美复合战略稳定关系将不断巩固。
英文摘要:
      The strategic stability in Sino-US relationship has gone beyond the classical one and is becoming increasingly composite. There is an urgent need to enhance the composite strategic stability in the Sino-US relationship in that the intensification of Sino-US strategic competition will exert a negative impact on the strategic stability based on the non-equilibrium nuclear deterrence between the two sides. Given that the United States has elevated the status of nuclear forces in its national security strategy and reemphasised the importance of nuclear weapons as a tool to maintain global hegemony, Sino-US strategic stability is facing a grave challenge. The Trump administration has provoked a trade war against China and therefore the role of business ties as the bedrock and booster in the Sino-US relationship has been greatly weakened, highlighting the necessity to build composite strategic stability in the relationship between China and the United States. The deepened economic interdependence, closer interaction and cooperation in the political, economic, military and cultural spheres and the common interests in maintaining the stability of the international system have laid a solid foundation for both China and the United States to construct a relationship with composite strategic stability. The framework is composed of four pillars: strategic stability based on non-equilibrium nuclear deterrence, deep economic interdependence, strategic mutual trust and mechanisms for dialogue, information exchange and cooperation. Although China and the United States are faced with various challenges in enhancing strategic mutual trust, the Sino-US relations with composite strategic stability will be consolidated with the development of China’s strategic nuclear forces, the maintenance of economic interdependence and the improvement of the bilateral mechanisms for dialogue, exchange and cooperation.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭