文章摘要
何奇松.太空武器化及中国太空安全构建[J].国际安全研究,2020,(1):39-67
太空武器化及中国太空安全构建
Weaponization of Space and Construction of China’s Space Security
  修订日期:2019-08-13
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2020.01.002
中文关键词: 太空武器化;太空安全;太空治理;中国太空安全体系;战略构建
英文关键词: space weaponization, space security, space governance, China’s space security system, strategic construction
基金项目:
作者单位
何奇松 HE Qisong, Professor, School of Political Science and Public Administration, East China University of Political Science and Law Shanghai, 200042. 
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中文摘要:
      太空技术的出现来自冷战时代的美苏军备竞赛。在世界第一颗卫星上天后,太空随之被赋予了军事化意味,太空武器化接踵而至。冷战后,为了确保太空霸权,同时维护一超独霸的地位,美国不惜重拾冷战时代的太空武器化政策,由此,引起其他国家的相应回应。太空武器化程度逐渐抬升,给国际战略稳定与平衡造成严重威胁与挑战,引起反导系统和太空军备竞赛,增加核战风险,阻碍世界核裁军进程,也给太空商业开发、“太空2030议程”等带来诸多挑战。太空武器化给中国太空安全造成巨大的挑战与威胁,使中国太空资产的安全陷于危险境地,中国利用太空资产的自由有可能被限制或被剥夺,战略目标(包括战略核力量)受到太空系统的侦察与打击的威胁。为应对太空武器化的威胁与挑战,从安全上加强太空威慑力量建设,构建中国的太空安全体系显得紧迫与必要。
英文摘要:
      Space technology was a product of the Cold War armament race between the USA and the USSR. The moment the world’s first satellite was launched into its orbit, space has become closely associated with militarization, followed by the weaponization of space. In the post-Cold War era, in order to ensure space hegemony and maintain its supremacy as the only superpower, the United States would pay any price to resume its policy of space weaponization, which has triggered counter actions from other countries. The escalating threats and challenges brought about by the weaponization of space plays a central role in the establishment of anti-missile systems around the world and arms race in space, increasing the risk of nuclear war, hindering the process of global nuclear disarmament and limiting the commercial development of space and the Space 2030 Agenda. All of these have exerted great impact on international strategic balance and stability. The weaponization of space is seriously threatening China’s space security, putting China’s space rights and assets in jeopardy. What’s more, China’s strategic places will be threatened by reconnaissance activities and strikes from other countries’ space systems. Hence, it is quite important for China to consolidate the construction of its space deterrence forces and space security system in order to grapple well with the threats and challenges posed by space weaponization.
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