文章摘要
罗英杰,李飞.大国北极博弈与中国北极能源安全[J].国际安全研究,2020,(2):91-115
大国北极博弈与中国北极能源安全
The Great Powers’ Arctic Game and China’s Arctic Energy Security: Probing into the Advancement Path of the “Ice Silk Road” Framework
投稿时间:2019-06-04  修订日期:2020-03-12
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2020.02.005
中文关键词: 北极治理;大国博弈;冰上丝绸之路;能源安全
英文关键词: Arctic governance, great powers’ game, the “Ice Silk Road”, energy security
基金项目:
作者单位
罗英杰 Professor of International Politics Department, University of International Relations Beijing, 100091 
李飞 Professor of International Politics Department, University of International Relations Beijing, 100091 
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全文下载次数: 11
中文摘要:
      在“海权论”“无主”“共有”等国际视阈下,北极地区的归属特别是能源资源权益的划分一直悬而未决——特别是在近年来北极环境变迁逐步加快、各国极地活动能力不断增强、全球能源竞争日趋激烈的背景下,各国拓宽能源获取渠道的需求已经变得越来越强烈。无论是以俄罗斯为代表的北极地区国家,还是以中国为代表的“非北极国家”,都对北极有着较强的能源权益声索以及能源安全维护需求。围绕着北极地区的公共与私有属性界定、开放与排他政策选择、法制与权力标准划分等诸多问题,各国之间展开了全方位的多轮博弈。目前,在各国北极政策“理念一致、目标冲突”的背景下,在北极开展合作特别是能源开发合作也越发困难重重。而对于提倡构建“冰上丝绸之路”的中国来说,要想维护本国在北极的能源安全,就必须借助在北极有重要影响力的国家的力量,通过分享理念、设置议题、促成合作等多种方式,实现对北极事务的有效介入。这将有助于规避因恶性竞争而带来的战略透支,为增强中国的北极能源开发话语权奠定基础。
英文摘要:
      From the perspectives of “sea power theory”, “no man’s land” and “co-ownership”, the ownership of the Arctic region, particularly the allocation of the Arctic energy resources remains unresolved. In recent years, in the context of accelerated changes in the Arctic environment, the strengthened capabilities of relevant countries in their polar activities as well as the increasingly fierce energy competition across the globe, there is a growing and pressing demand for countries to broaden and expand their energy access channels. Both the Arctic countries represented by Russia and the “non-Arctic countries” represented by China have made more and more energy rights claims and higher demands for maintaining energy security in the Arctic region. Centered on the demarcation of public and private attributes, the choices between inclusive and exclusive policies as well as the power-sharing standards, multiple rounds of contests have been comprehensively carried out in the Arctic region . At present, against the backdrop of “consistent ideas coexisting with conflicting objectives” relevant countries find it more difficult to work together in the Arctic region, especially in the field of energy development. As for China, advocate of the construction of the “Ice Silk Road”, it should proactively engage with those countries with the most influence in the Arctic region by sharing ideas, coordinating agendas and promoting cooperation in order to play an actively role in Arctic affairs, better safeguard its energy security, avoid strategic losses caused by vicious competition and lay a solid foundation for raising China’s voice in the Arctic energy development.
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