文章摘要
孟晓旭.竞争时代日本多维度联合防卫力战略构建及其影响[J].国际安全研究,2020,(3):46-75
竞争时代日本多维度联合防卫力战略构建及其影响
The Construction and Impact of Japan’s “Multi-Domain Defense Force” in the Competitive Era
  修订日期:2020-01-04
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2020.03.003
中文关键词: 竞争时代;多维度联合防卫;跨领域作战;日美同盟
英文关键词: competition era, Multi-Domain Defense, cross-domain operation, US- Japan alliance
基金项目:
作者单位
孟晓旭 MENG Xiaoxu, Associate Research Fellow, Institute of Japanese Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Beijing, 100007. 
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中文摘要:
      日本新防卫战略把日本的防卫力量从传统的海陆空领域扩展至多维度的太空、网络以及电磁波等新领域,重视各领域之间的彼此融合防卫。作为一个综合性防卫战略,它强调从平时到“有事”各阶段之间、自主防卫与日美同盟及多层次安保合作之间、“前方战场”和“后方体制”之间的综合防卫。为实现“跨领域作战”,日本提出了优先项目和强化重点,侧重在太空、网络、电磁波等新领域内获得并强化相关防卫能力。同时日本也加强提升传统领域内的海空能力、导弹防御及防区外打击能力,并对自卫队的体制进行相应调整。新防卫战略与“印太构想”融合,进一步深化了日本立体跨域防卫体系。日本“多维度联合防卫力量”新战略具有深刻的竞争时代背景,为配合美国军事战略调整并强化日美同盟、对竞争时代安全情势的判断与主动应对、积极加入全球军事变革下新领域内的激烈竞争、更好地应对岛屿争端及加强海洋防卫等现实问题,这是日本谋求构建新防卫战略的深刻动因。该日本新防卫战略产生的影响包括:日本的防卫自主或更难实现、进一步改变战后日本的安全战略基点、在新安全领域引发竞争及不利于构建良好的中日建设性安全关系等。对此,中国需进一步增强本国综合性实力,积极推动日本对华安全释疑,扩大中日防卫交流与安全对话,增进两国的安全互信。
英文摘要:
      Japan’s new defense strategy of “multi-domain defense force” extends Japan’s defense from traditional fields of land, sea, air to multiple domains like space, cyberspace and electromagnetism with greater emphasis on an integrated defense among various domains. As a comprehensive defense strategy, it also underlines defense on all fronts and at all stages from peacetime to “emergency”, from self-defense to Japan-US alliance and multi-layered security cooperation, from “front battlefield” to “rear system”. In order to carry out “cross-domain operation”, Japan has put forward priority projects and focused actions, placing particular emphasis on acquiring and reinforcing relevant defense capabilities in new domains such as space, cyberspace and electromagnetic spectrum. At the same time, Japan has also enhanced its sea-air capabilities, missile defense and off-defense strike capabilities in traditional areas, and adjusted its self-defense force system accordingly. The integration of the new defense strategy into the Indo-Pacific concept has further facilitated the development of Japan’s multi-dimensional cross-domain defense system. Taken together, the new strategy of “multi-domain defense force” is formulated in a highly competitive era in which Japan endeavors to keep himself in tune with the US military strategic adjustments, consolidate the Japan-US alliance, actively assess and respond to the security situation in this particular era, effectively addressing the challenges of the global military transformation in those new fields, better resolve the existing island disputes and strengthen its maritime defense. All of these have fueled Japan’s strive to construct a new defense strategy that will bring about far reaching consequences. Japan’s defense autonomy seems rather difficult to attain, the cornerstones of Japan’s post-war security strategy may be changed, and competition may arise in the new fields with adverse effects on the construction of a favorable constructive security relationship between China and Japan. In this regard, China needs to further enhance its comprehensive strength, make positive efforts to clear up Japan’s doubts about security issues in the bilateral relations, expand defense exchanges and security dialogues, and enhance security mutual trust between the two countries.
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