文章摘要
辛文,韩鹏杰.国家安全学理论视角下的西周国家安全思想研究[J].国际安全研究,2020,(6):105-126
国家安全学理论视角下的西周国家安全思想研究
On National Security Thoughts in Western Zhou Dynasty: A Perspective of National Security Studies
  
DOI:10.14093/jcnki.cn10-1132/d.2020.06.005
中文关键词: 西周国家安全思想;国家安全学;国家安全影响因素;政治安全;军事安全;社会安全
英文关键词: national security thoughts of Western Zhou Dynasty, national security studies, contributing factors of national security, political security, military security, social security
基金项目:
作者单位
辛文 西安交通大学人文与社会科学学院 西安 710049 
韩鹏杰 西安交通大学人文与社会科学学院 西安 710049 
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中文摘要:
      西周是中国早期国家的典型,探究西周国家安全思想对于丰富国家安全学科思想内涵、完善国家安全学理论体系、推动建设中国特色哲学社会科学有重大的理论价值与现实意义。国家安全学是一门整体性、综合性的实用型学科,从国家安全学理论视角出发研究西周国家安全思想,不仅能为中国古代安全思想史研究提供补充,也有助于为国家现实安全战略的制定提供思想资源。影响西周国家安全的要素涵盖自然与社会两大领域,包括地理位置、人口构成、土地制度、政治制度和社会制度。在对这几方面的认识基础之上,西周形成了以政治安全、军事安全和社会安全为核心的国家安全思想。政治安全思想包括“崇拜天神、祭祀祖先”,“礼以定序、乐以观和”;军事安全思想包括“以礼制戎、除恶务尽”,“统筹全局、重点部署”;社会安全思想包括“神道设教、伦常为纲”,“阴阳和谐、天下大同”。这些思想同属于一个整体的、相互联系的国家安全思想系统,丰富了总体国家安全观的理论内涵。
英文摘要:
      Given that the Western Zhou Dynasty is an epitome of ancient Chinese states, it is of great theoretical and realistic significance to explore the national security thoughts of the Western Zhou Dynasty so as to enrich the theoretical connotation of the national security discipline, improve the theoretical system of national security studies and promote the construction of the philosophy of social sciences with Chinese characteristics. Since national security studies is an integrated, comprehensive and practical discipline, focusing on national security thoughts of the Western Zhou Dynasty from the theoretical perspective of national security studies serves not only as a supplement to the research on ancient Chinese security thoughts but also as an ideological resource for the formulation of practical national security strategies. The contributing factors of national security in the Western Zhou Dynasty covered such two major domains as “nature” and “society” that include geographic location, population composition, land system, political system and social system. Based on the understanding of these elements, the Western Zhou Dynasty was able to form its national security thoughts with political security, military security and social security as the fulcrum. Its political security thoughts include “worshiping gods and ancestors” as well as “rites for maintaining social order and music for promoting social harmony”. Its military security thoughts manifest themselves in “governing military affairs by rituals and eliminating all the enemies” as well as” coordinating the overall situation and focusing on key deployments”. Its social security thoughts focus on “following the lead of Heaven and enlightening people with virtue and ethics” as well as “respecting the harmony of Yin and Yang and the spirit of Datong. These security thoughts constitute a holistic and interrelated national security thought system that enriches the theoretical connotation of the overall national security outlook.
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