文章摘要
张望.安倍治下的日本对华政策:从战略制衡到战术避险[J].国际安全研究,2021,(2):86-106
安倍治下的日本对华政策:从战略制衡到战术避险
Japan’s China Policy under Abe Administration: From Strategic Balancing to Tactical Hedging
  修订日期:2020-10-01
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2021.02.004
中文关键词: 制衡;避险;中日关系;日本对华政策;中美日战略三角
英文关键词: balancing, hedging, Sino-Japanese relations, Japan’s foreign policy, China- US-Japan strategic triangle
基金项目:
作者单位
张望 CHEUNG Mong, Ph.D., Associate Professor, International Liberal Studies SILS, Waseda University, Japan. 
摘要点击次数: 96
全文下载次数: 32
中文摘要:
      日本的对华外交深受国际体系和中美日三角关系的影响。由于中美两个大国在全球层面的战略竞争加剧,以2017年为分水岭,第二次安倍内阁领导下的日本的整体对华外交政策经历了从“战略制衡”向“战术避险”方向的转变。在2017年以前,日本为了联美对华实施“战略制衡”,在外交方面,以“印太战略”孤立中国;在安全方面,加强岛屿防卫能力和强化日美同盟;在经济方面,大力支持“跨太平洋伙伴关系协定”和对“一带一路”倡议持冷淡态度。在2017年以后,在中美关系的不确定性增大的情况下,安倍领导下的日本对华实施“战术避险”。在外交方面,加强印太战略的开放性、领导人互访和对华自制;在安全方面,继续强化国防上的内部制衡;在经济方面,有条件地认同“一带一路”倡议并对华展开第三方市场合作。展望未来,令和时代的日本将是一个拥有部分战略自主的中等强国,在日美同盟框架下维持与中国有距离的交往,力图在瞬息万变的国际政治角力中实现日本国家利益的最大化。
英文摘要:
      Japan’s diplomacy with China under the second Abe administration has been greatly influenced by the international situation and the US-China-Japan strategic triangle. This article argues that Japan, as a secondary power, has been shifting its China policy from “strategic balancing” to “tactical hedging” since 2017, and is adopting a mixed strategy that intends to search for a THIRD strategic choice between the United States and China. Before 2017, Japan adopted a strategic balancing approach by promoting “Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement” (TPP) with the United States, consolidating Self-Defense Forces (SDF) capability on island defense, and downplaying China’s “Belt and Road Initiative”. After 2017, given the uncertainty revealed in the US-China relations, Japan has adopted a tactical hedging approach by promoting the openness of the “Indo-Pacific Initiative” and China-Japan top leader summit, further consolidating defense capability, and demonstrating a partially positive attitude towards China’s Belt and Road Initiative. The author thinks that, in the Reiwa Era, Japan will rise to be a Middle Power with increased, while limited, strategic autonomy and is likely to engage with China more deliberately within the framework of Japan–US alliance.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭