文章摘要
毛维准.发展—安全互动中的全球基础设施议题[J].国际安全研究,2021,(5):92-118
发展—安全互动中的全球基础设施议题
Global Infrastructure Issue in the “Development-Security” Nexus
  修订日期:2021-05-11
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2021.05.004
中文关键词: 发展;安全;发展—安全联结;全球基础设施;螺旋圈层;一带一路
英文关键词: development, security, development-security nexus, global infrastructure, spiral layering, Belt and Road Initiative
基金项目:
作者单位
毛维准 南京大学国际关系学院 南京 210023 
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中文摘要:
      作为一种兼具公共产品与战略工具双重功能的议题,全球基础设施具有明确的发展与安全含义,因此,该议题在国际政治中呈现出嵌入“发展—安全联结”的基本态势。当前,在大国战略竞争结构之下,全球基础设施建设与国际社会“发展—安全联结”都具备议题拓展的政治动力,两者互动推动着安全与发展两大议题领域在不同层次上展开更为复杂化的聚合,扩展了当前“发展—安全联结”在国际政治中的适用范围,也强化了基础设施对安全与发展的依赖程度。基础设施与“发展—安全联结”互动呈现出螺旋圈层的架构,即主要通过议题维度的立体配置逻辑、制度方面的双重建构逻辑和演变方面的系统嵌合逻辑等方式,更紧密地与“发展—安全联结”发生互动关联。一个“发展—基建—安全联结”正在浮现。全新的联结也在重新塑造安全与发展两大议题,并在议题设定、行为逻辑、国际制度、全球治理和运作环境方面影响着当前的国际秩序。这种正在出现的“发展—基建—安全联结”可能对中国推进“一带一路”基建具有重要启示意义。
英文摘要:
      Being both public goods and strategic instruments, global infrastructure, with a clear connotation of development and security, tends to be embedded into the “development-security” nexus in international politics. Great-power strategic competition has injected strong political momentum into both global infrastructure construction and the “development-security” nexus in the international community. The interaction between them is promoting a more complicated convergence of the two subjects of development and security at different levels, expanding the scope of application of the “development-security” nexus in international politics and reinforcing the dependence of infrastructure on “development and security”. At the same time, the interaction between infrastructure and the “development-security” nexus takes on a model of “spiral layering” and such interconnectivity will be further strengthened through the three-dimensional configuration logic as regards subjects under discussion, the dual construction logic concerning institutions, and the systematic embedding logic regarding the evolution process. Therefore, a “development-infrastructure-security” nexus is emerging. The new nexus is about to reshape the two major subjects of security and development and thus exert an impact on the current international order from such aspects as agenda setting, behavioral logic, international institution, global governance and operational environment. This emerging “development-infrastructure-security” nexus may have important implications for China’s promotion of infrastructure building in the Belt and Road Initiative.
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