文章摘要
孙学峰.数字技术竞争与东亚安全秩序[J].国际安全研究,2022,(4):65-90
数字技术竞争与东亚安全秩序
Digital Technology Competition and East Asian Security Order
  修订日期:2022-04-14
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2022.04.003
中文关键词: 数字技术竞争;数字时代;安全秩序;东亚安全;中美关系
英文关键词: digital technology competition, digital age, security order, East Asia, Sino-U.S. relations
基金项目:
作者单位
孙学峰 清华大学国际关系研究院 北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      地区安全秩序是相应区域内国家维持本国安全和地区稳定的互动模式。进入21世纪以来,东亚安全秩序逐渐呈现出以战略对冲为核心特征的互动模式,即地区国家通过有上限的竞争和有底线的合作维护自身安全和地区稳定。不过,随着人类社会加速进入数字时代,美国自2018年以来全面打压甚至遏制中国数字技术的实力发展和全球影响。在数字技术竞争背景下,东亚安全秩序虽面临新的冲击,但中国和东亚国家的政策选择并未脱离既有的安全战略模式。在进入数字时代的过程中,东亚安全秩序展现出较强的延续性,其主要原因来自两个方面:一是东亚安全秩序的形成基础并未弱化甚至有所巩固和强化;二是数字技术竞争背景下美国的战略选择和实力特点,使得东亚国家深化与美国的数字合作面临更大的不确定性,从而进一步强化了东亚国家维持既有战略模式的倾向。这些发现在一定程度上拓展了中国对数字时代东亚秩序和国际秩序转型的理论认识,同时也对进入数字时代过程中如何妥善处理中美关系和周边关系具有一定的启发意义。
英文摘要:
      The first two decades of the 21st century has witnessed in East Asia the emergence of a security order characterized by hedging. Specifically, heightened tensions in China-US strategic competition have not led to an arms race and bloc confrontation. Other East Asian countries, meanwhile, manage to maintain a balance rather than completely take sides between China and the US. However, as the world advances into the digital era, the US has been persisting in its efforts since 2018 to constrain the strength and global influence of China’s digital technology. Relying on technological advantages and alliance networks, the US set out to constrain China through expanding its security protection scope from the physical space to the digital space. Responding to such US efforts to transform its security system, China and most other East Asian countries still opt for the hedging approach. In other words, the East Asian security order continues to be characterized by the hedging pattern as it enters the digital era. The continuity of a hedging order can be explained by two factors. First, for East Asian countries, security threats in the physical space are still their primary concerns, which also has significant impact on their perception of security threats in the digital space. Second, the US’s capability advantage and its policy choices generate feelings of uncertainty among those countries seeking US protection in the digital space. Strategic hedging, thus, is the choice most conducive to maximizing national interests of these countries. These findings can not only help deepen our theoretical understanding of the regional/international order transformation in the digital era, but highlight the policy implications for managing China-US strategic competition in the digital era.
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