文章摘要
杨华锋.“情境—意识—行动”框架下国家安全治理的模型假设[J].国际安全研究,2022,(6):61-85
“情境—意识—行动”框架下国家安全治理的模型假设
Model Hypothesis of National Security Governance under the “Situation-Consciousness-Action” Framework
投稿时间:2022-03-20  修订日期:2022-07-20
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2022.06.003
中文关键词: 国家安全治理  “情境—意识—行动”分析框架  临界点弹性  供给序列偏好  沙漏模型
英文关键词: national security governance, “situation-consciousness-action” analytical framework, critical point elasticity, sequence preference, hourglass model
基金项目:
作者单位
杨华锋 国际关系学院公共管理系 北京 100091 
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中文摘要:
      国家安全风险的复杂性与不确定性对治理体系与治理能力提出越来越高的要求。治理理论谱系的协同理念与安全化理论的“主动发声”契合了国家安全事务的实践性需求,在“安全、安全感和安全化”的概念向度上,形成了审视安全状态、安全感知和安全行动的“情境—意识—行动”分析框架,三者交互建构的过程嵌套着国家安全治理体系的对象、观念和政策行动。其一,在安全治理对象的识别与阈值范围的讨论中,源于安全与风险的差值关系以及政治化与安全化的动态均衡关系,公共事务进入安全议程的边界具有“临界点弹性”特征;其二,在主导型政府范式中,安全治理主体呈现“能力>状态>感知”的安全观格局,在安全秩序与安全服务的供给上呈现“序列偏好”;其三,在安全治理的政策过程中,政策环境、政策意识和政策选择的倒三角构成治理沙漏的上端,政党、政府和社会的科层三角构成治理沙漏的下端,前者随着信息流、资源流和权力流自上而下的滴漏呈现漏斗效应,后者随着政策执行的层层传导不时出现加码转嫁、目标偏移及反应性治理等科层效应,二者形塑治理行动的“沙漏模型”。
英文摘要:
      The complexity and uncertainty of national security risks put forward increasing demands for a more efficient governance system and greater governance capabilities. Synergy concepts of the governance theory pedigree and the “active voice” of security theories meet the practical needs of national security affairs. On the conceptual dimension of “security, sense of security and securitization”, a “situation-consciousness-action” analytical framework has been established to examine security status, security perceptions and security actions. The objects, concepts and policy actions of the national security governance system are just embedded in the interactive construction process between the above mentioned three elements. Firstly, in discussions about the identification and threshold range of the objects of security governance, the boundary of public affairs being put into the security agenda is characterized by “critical point elasticity” due to the difference relationship between security and risk as well as the dynamic equilibrium relationship between politicization and securitization. Secondly, under the dominant government paradigm, subjects of security governance present a security concept pattern featuring “ability>status>perception” and show “sequence preference” in the supply of security order and security services. Third, in the policy-making process of security governance, the inverted triangle structure consisting of policy environment, policy awareness and policy choice forms the upper end of the governance hourglass, while the hierarchical triangle structure made up of political parties, government and society forms the lower end of the governance hourglass. The former presents a funnel effect with the top-down dripping of information flow, resource flow and power flow. The latter, along with the multi-layered transmission of policy implementation, sometimes takes on such bureaucratic effects as increased transfer, target deviation and reactive governance, which forms the “hourglass-model” of governance action.
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