文章摘要
刘国柱.深度伪造与国家安全:基于总体国家安全观的视角[J].国际安全研究,2022,(3):3-31
深度伪造与国家安全:基于总体国家安全观的视角
Deepfakes and National Security: A Perspective from a Holistic Approach to National Security
  修订日期:2022-04-12
DOI:10.14093/j.cnki.cn10-1132/d.2022.03.001
中文关键词: 深度伪造  人工智能  国家安全  总体国家安全观
英文关键词: deepfake, artificial intelligence, national security, holistic approach to national security
基金项目:
作者单位
刘国柱 浙江大学世界史研究所/非传统安全与和平发展研究中心 杭州 310058 
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中文摘要:
      深度伪造是人工智能技术和数字技术发展的产物,自2017年第一个深度伪造的作品出现,深度伪造正在世界范围内快速扩散。人工智能与大数据技术的发展和普及,使得有心者制作各种深度伪造作品的门槛大大降低,导致互联网和各种社交媒体充斥着各式各样的深度伪造作品。深度伪造技术既有造福于人类社会的正面功能,也有给国家安全带来风险与挑战的负面作用。它不仅给国际形势和国际安全环境带来了巨大的冲击,让国际社会本就存在的“信任赤字”更为恶化,而且在国防安全、政治安全、经济安全和国民安全等领域制造了更多、更为复杂的问题。国际经济犯罪团伙利用深度伪造对中国企业和民众进行诈骗活动;以美国为首的西方国家更是频频利用深度伪造的作品,在涉疆、涉港等问题上对中国发难;在重大国际问题上,国际上的各种势力更是利用深度伪造争取中国的民意,造成部分民众认知的错乱;等等。要治理深度伪造所带来的各种安全隐患,就要在总体国家安全架构下完善针对深度伪造的综合治理体系,同时倡导综合安全、合作安全和共同安全的理念,与国际社会共同打造数字时代人类安全的命运共同体。
英文摘要:
      Deepfakes are the product of the development of artificial intelligence and digital technology. Ever since the first deepfakes appeared in 2017, deepfakes have been gaining great momentum and rapidly spreading around the world. The development and popularization of artificial intelligence and big data technologies have greatly lowered the threshold for people with ulterior motives to produce a large number of deepfakes that flood the Internet and various social media platforms. Although the deepfake technology can bring certain benefits to human society, it can also pose risks and challenges to national security. It has not only exerted huge impacts on the international situation and international security environment, but also exacerbated the existing “trust deficit” in the international community, thus giving rise to more problems of greater complexities in terms of national defense security, political security, economic security and people’s security. It needs to be pointed out that international economic criminal organizations are using deepfakes to defraud the Chinese public and enterprises. The US-led Western countries are taking advantage of deepfakes to attack China on the issues related to Xinjiang and Hong Kong. As for some major international issues, various international forces are attempting to use deepfakes to win over the public opinion in China. To cope with and ultimately eliminate the increased security risks brought about by deepfakes, it is necessary for China to improve its comprehensive governance system targeted at deepfakes under the holistic national security architecture, advocate and uphold the security concept featuring comprehensive security, cooperative security and common security, and work together with the international community to build a community with a shared future in the digital era.
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